Indian Magic Manuals. Man in the World of Violence

Artur Karp


In present-day India magic is not a theoretical construct. Practiced as witchcraft, it has its self-appointed officials and procedures. It is also manifest, most tellingly, in the easy availability of the cheap editions of what may, with some reservations, be termed as manuals of magic. The activation of religiosity characteristic of Indian  tribal communities, to which most of the currently favorite magical rituals can be traced, is a not-so unique answer to the violence inherent in the social, economic, and political life of the nation. The methods of con- trolling complex reality presented in those manuals revive traditional cultural patterns,   nd may thus restore feelings of participation and justified agency to their users.

Słowa kluczowe: tribal groups, violence, untouchability, caste, magic, Sanskritisation

1. Barrett R., Aghor Medicine. Pollution, Death, and Healing in Northern India, University of California Press, Berkeley 2008.

2. Bhattacharya N. N., Ancient Indian Rituals and Their Social Contents, Manohar, Delhi 1975.

3. Briggs G. W., The Chamārs, B. R. Publishing Corporation, Delhi 1975.

4. Chakravarty T., Medicalisation of Mental Disorder: Shifting Epistemologies and Beyond, “Sociological Bulletin” 60 (2/2011), pp. 266–286.

5. Crooke W., Religion & Folklore of Northern India, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1926.

6. Dhru K. A., Acquisition of Land for ‘Development’ Projects in India: The Road Ahead, Research Foundation for Governance: in India, Ahmedabad 2010.

7. Dumont L., Homo Hierarchicus. The Caste System and Its Implications, Oxford University Press, Oxford 1970.

8. Froerer P., Religious Division and Social Conflict: The Emergence of Hindu Nationalism in Rural India, Social Science Press, New Delhi 2007.

9. Goudriaan T., Gupta S., Māyā Divine and Human. A Study of Magic and Its Religious Foundations in Sanskrit Texts, with Particular Attention to a Fragment on Viṣṇu’s Māyā Preserved in Bali, Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi 1978.

10. Goudriaan T., Hindu Tantric Literature in Sanskrit, [in:] J. Gonda (ed.), Hindu Tantric and Śākta Literature (Vol. II, fasc. 2), Otto Harrassowitz Verlag, Wiesbaden 1981, pp. 1–162.

11. Harit H. L., Tribal Areas and Administration, [in:] R. S. Mann (ed.), Tribes of India: Ongoing Challenges, MD Publications PVT LTD, New Delhi 1996, pp. 49–54.

12. Hoernle R. A. F., The Bower Manuscript (Facsimile leaves, Nagari transcript, Romanised transliteration and English translation with notes), (reprint), Aditya Prakashan, Delhi 2011.

13. Iqbal M. T. Witch Hunting: A Case of Gender Violence in the Garb of Vigilantism in India, “International Journal of Advanced Research in Management and Social Sciences” 4 (11/2015), pp. 109–120.

14. Kakar S., Shamans, Mystics, and Doctors. A Psychological Inquiry into India and its Healing Traditions, Unwin Paperbacks, London 1984.

15. Karp A., Niedotykalni, [in:] T. Gadacz, B. Milerski (eds.), Religia. Encyklopedia PWN, vol. 7, Warszawa 2003, pp. 283–285.

16. Kłoskowska A., Kultura masowa. Krytyka i obrona, PWN, Warszawa 2006.

17. Lorenzen D. N., Who Invented Hinduism, Yoda Press, New Delhi 2006.

18. Mākhandās M. Kh., Śrī cãvar purāṇ tathā bhaktacetā (3rd Ed.), Śrī Loknāth Pustakālay, Kalkattā 2000.

19. Mehta S., Tribal Situation in India. Encounters with Empiricism, [in:] R. S. Mann (ed.), Tribes of India: Ongoing Challenges, MD Publications PVT LTD, New Delhi 1996, pp. 55–56.

20. Mosse D., Caste and development: Contemporary perspectives on a structure of discrimination and advantage, “World Development” 110/2018, pp. 422–436.

21. O’Flaherty W. Doniger, Women, Androgynes, and Other Mythical Beasts, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1982.

22. Olivelle P., Dharmasūtras. The Law Codes of Āpastamba, Gautama, Baudhāyana, and Vāsiṣṭha, Oxford World’s Classics, Delhi 2000.

23. Olivelle P., King, Governance, and Law in Ancient India. Kautilya’s Arthaśāstra, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2013.

24. O’Malley L. S. S., Popular Hinduism, The Religion of the Masses, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1935.

25. Presler H. H., Primitive Religions in India. A Textbook on the Primitive Religious Type Among India’s Tribals, The Christian Literature Society Press, Bangalore 1971.

26. Redfield R., Peasant Society and Culture, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1956.

27. Saletore R. N., Indian Witchcraft. A Study in Indian Occultism, Abhinav Publications, New Delhi 1981.

28. Sapir E., American Indians, [in:] D. G. Mandelbaum (ed.), Selected writings of Edward Sapir in Language, Culture, Personality, University of  California Press, Berkeley 1949, pp. 387–487.

29. Singer M., When a Great Tradition Modernizes. An Anthropological Approach to Indian Civilization, Praeger Publishers, New York 1972.

30. Singh Y., Modernization of Indian Tradition: A Systematic Study of Social Change, Thomson Press, Delhi 1973.

31. Srinivas M. N., Social Change in Modern India, University of California Press, Berkeley 1966.

32. Stein R. L., Stein P. L., The Anthropology of Religion, Magic, and Witchcraft, Routledge, New York 2016.

33. Sujatha V., Food: The Immanent Cause from Outside – Medical Lore on Food and Health in Village Tamil Nadu, “Sociological Bulletin” 51 (1/2002), pp. 80–100

34. Tambiah S. J., Magic, Science and Religion and the Scope of Rationality, Cambridge University Press 1990.

35. Thiagaraj H., Human Rights from the Dalit Perspective (2nd Rev. Ed.), Dalit Liberation Education Trust, Chennai 1998.

36. Unnithan T. K. N., Indra D., Singh Y., Towards a Sociology of Culture in India, [in:] T. K. N. Unnithan et al. (ed.), Towards a Sociology of Culture in India. Essays in Honour of Professor D. P. Mukherji, Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi 1965, pp. 1–35.

37. White D. G., The Alchemical Body: Siddha Traditions in Medieval India, The University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1996.

38. Wierciński A., Magia i religia. Szkice z antropologii religii, 3rd Ed., Nomos, Kraków 2010.

A selection of publications consulted but not directly quoted in the paper

39. Choudhuri S., Tempest in a Teapot: Witches, Tea Plantations, and Lives of Migrant Laborers in India, Lexington Books, Lanham 2013.

40. Danielou A., Hindu Polytheism, Princeton University Press, Princeton 1964.

41. Doniger W., On Hinduism, Oxford University Press, Oxford 2014.

42. Jurewicz J., Ciało boskie – ciało kosmiczne – ciało społeczne w myśli starożytnych Indii, [in:] K. Konarska (ed.), Colloquia Anthropologica et Communicativa: Ciało cielesne, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wrocławskiego, Wrocław 2011, pp. 45–59.

43. Ludden D., An Agrarian History of South Asia, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge 1999.

44. McKim M., Village India: Studies in the Little Community, University of Chicago Press, Chicago 1969.

45. Sharma R. S., Material Culture and Social Formations in Ancient India, MacMillan Limited, Delhi 1983.

46. Sircar D. C., The Śākta Pīṭhas (2nd Ed.), Motilal Banarsidass, Delhi 1973.  47. Timm J. R., Introduction: Texts in Context, [in:] J. Timm (ed.), Texts in Context. Traditional Hermeneutics in South Asia, Indian Books Centre, Delhi 1992, pp. 1–13.

48. Verardi G., The Gods & The Heretics. Crisis and Ruin of Indian Buddhism. Aditya Prakashan & Fundación Bodhiyāna, New Delhi - Buenos Aires 2018.

Internet sources used

[www 01]

[www 02]

[www 03]

[www 04]

[www 05]

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.
Pierwotną formą czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna.