Child and Family as Proletarians of the Educational Ideology of Bolshevik Marxism in the Critical Reflection of Polish Humanists from the Period 1917–1939

Janina Kostkiewicz


The educational ideology of the Bolshevik version of Marxism had an instrumental approach to children and families. The purpose of the article is to show how the family and the child were used for the implementation of its “ideals”; how they unknowingly became its proletariat; victims of inflicted suffering, death, or limited development in areas affected by ideology (consequences of homelessness, hunger, sexual abuse). The place and the time – a hundred years ago in the Soviet Union – are important because of the respect for the victims. But for an educator, today the categories of arguments and mechanisms used by Bolshevik Marxism are important. Above all, attention is drawn to the zones of “necessary change” (religion, morality – family, child). Looking at the example of the situation of the Russian family and child, we can see how the creators of the Bolshevik “better world” project cynically made them a tool for change; we can see the reality of great manipulation. Death, suffering, biological, psychological and spiritual devastation were irrelevant to their role. This mechanism was shielded by the appearance (camouflaged lie). The ideology of Bolshevik Marxism in its references to children and families was the subject of criticism in the writings of Polish humanists from the period 1917–1939. 

Słowa kluczowe: educational ideology, Marxism, Bolshevism, child under communism, family under communism, education under Marxism

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