Connecting airports with cities. Perspectives of air-rail links development in central Europe

Arkadiusz Kołoś,

Jakub Taczanowski,

Piotr Trzepacz


Air travel has increased rapidly in Central Europe in the first decade of the 21st century thanks to the admission of Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia to the European Union and the liberalization of their air travel market. Rapid increase in the number of air travelers in Central Europe created new challenges for Central European airports, which had to expand, modernize and better connect to urban cores. The best solution of the last problem is to organize rail transport, which can handle considerable high passenger volumes, avoids traffic jams, and exerts a relatively small impact on the natural environment. The creation of rail transportation systems increases the airports competitiveness of making cities and whole geographical regions more accessible in general. Another benefit of this transport is that the construction of airportrail links includes metropolitan areas which had no efficient transport systems.

Słowa kluczowe: airport access, air transport in Central Europe, rail transport, air-rail links

Appold S. J., Kasarda J. D., 2011, Seeding growth at airports and airport cities: Insights from the two-
-sided market literature, Research in Transportation Business & Management, 1 (1), 91–100.
Atlas drah České Republiky 2006–2007, 2006, Malkus, Praha.
Atlas linii kolejowych Polski 2010 (Railway Atlas of Poland), 2010, Eurosprinter, Rybnik.
Barrett S. D., 2000, Airport competition in the deregulated European aviation market, Journal of Air
Transport Management, 6 (1), 13–27.
Başar G., Bhat C., 2004, A parameterized consideration set model for airport choice: an application to the San Francisco Bay Area, Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, 38 (10),
Behnen T., 2004, Germany’s changing airport infrastructure: the prospects for ‘newcomer’ airports
attempting market entry, Journal of Transport Geography, 12 (4), 277–286.
Budd T., Ison S., Ryley T., 2011, Airport surface access in the UK: A management perspective, Research in Transportation Business & Management, 1 (1), 109–117.
Button K., Lall S., 1999, The economics of being an airport hub city, Research in Transportation
Economics, 5, 75–105.
Castillo-Manzano J. I ., 2010, The city-airport connection in the low-cost carrier era: Implications for
urban transport planning, Journal of Air Transport Management, 16 (6), 295–298.
Derudder B., Devriendt L., Witlox F., 2010, A spatial analysis of multiple airport cities, Journal
of Transport Geography, 18 (3), 345–353.
Eisenbahnatlas Österreich, 2005, Schweers+Wall, Köln.
Fisher L., Coogan M. A., 2000, Improving public transportation access to large airports, Transport
Cooperative Research Program, Report 62, National Research Council (U.S.), Transportation
Research Board, Washington.
Forsyth P., 2007, The impacts of emerging aviation trends on airport infrastructure, Journal of Air
Transport Management, 13 (1), 45–52.
Fuellhart K., 2007, Airport catchment and leakage in a multi-airport region: The case of Harrisburg
International, Journal of Transport Geography, 15 (4), 231–244.
Gillen D., Lall A., 2004, Competitive advantage of low-cost carriers: some implications for airports,
Journal of Air Transport Management, 10 (1), 41–50.
Goldman M., 2011, Speculative urbanism and the making of the next world city, International Journal
of Urban and Regional Research, 35 (3), 555–581.
Gosling G. D., 2008, Airport ground access mode choice models, ACRP (Airport Cooperative Research Programme) Synthesis Report, 5, Washington, D.C: Transportation Research Board
of the National Academies.
Graham B., 2003, Towards sustainable aviation? [in:] P. J. Upham, D. Maughan, D. Raper,
C. Thomas (eds.), Towards Sustainable Aviation, Earthscan, London, 211–213.
Harvey G., 1987, Airport choice in a multiple airport region, Transportation Research Part A,
21 (6), 439–449.
Hooper P., Heath B., Maughan J., 2003, Environmental management and the aviation industry,
[in:] P. J. Upham, D. Maughan, D. Raper, C. Thomas (eds.), Towards sustainable aviation,
Earthscan, London, 115–131.
Hsu C., Wu Y., 1997, The market size of a city-pair route at an airport, The Annals of Regional
Science, 1997, 31 (4), 391–409.
Humphreys I., Francis G., 2002, Policy issues and planning of U K regional airports, Journal Transport Geography, 10 (4), 249–258.
Humphreys I., Ison S., 2003, Ground access strategies: Lessons from UK airports, Washington D. C: Transportation Research Board, Paper for 82nd Annual Meeting of the TRB 2003 Committee on Airport Terminals and Ground Access A1J04,
Humphreys I., Ison S., 2005, Changing airport employee travel behavior: the role of airport surface
access strategies, Transport Policy, 12, 1–9.
Humphreys I., Ison S., Francis G., Aldridge K., 2005, U K airport surface access targets, Journal
of Air Transport Management, 11 (2), 117–124.
Ishii J., Jun S., van Dender K., 2009, Air travel choices in multi-airport markets, Journal of Urban
Economics, 65 (2), 216–227.
Janić M., 2011, Greening airports: advanced technology and operations (green energy and technology), Springer, Londyn.
Jou R.-C., Hensher D. A., Hsu T.-L., 2011, Airport ground access mode choice behavior after the introduction of a new mode: A case study of Taoyuan International Airport in Taiwan, Transportation
Research Part E, 47, 371–381.
Kaszewski A. L., Sheate W. R., 2004, Enhancing the sustainability of airport developments, Sustainable Development, 12 (4), 183–199.
Kazda A., Caves R. E., 2007, Airports design and operation, Elsevier, Oxford.
Kouvenhoven M., 2008, The role of accessibility in passangers’ choice of airports, Discussion Paper
No. 2008-14, Joint Transport Research Center.
Loo B. P. Y., 2008, Passengers’ airport choice within multi-airport regions (MARs): some insights from a stated preference survey at Hong Kong International Airport, Journal of Transport Geography,
16 (2), 117–125.
Mandle P., Mansel D., Coogan M., 2000, Use of public transportation by airport passengers, Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1703, 83–89.
de Neufville R., 2006, Planning airport access in an era of low-cost airlines, Journal of the American
Planning Association, 72, 347–356.
Niblett R., 1996, Long distance rail services to airports. Proceedings of Seminar K, AirportPlanning
Issues, P T R C European Transport Forum, P T R C, London.
Pels E., Nijkamp P., Rietveld P., 2003, Access to and competition between airports: A case study for
the San Francisco Bay area, Transportation Research Part A, 37 (1), 71–83.
Psaraki V., Abacoumkin C., 2002, Access mode choice for relocated airports: the new Athens International Airport, Journal of Air Transport Management, 8 (2), 89–98.
Reynolds-Feighan A. J., Button K. J., 1999, An assessment of the capacity and congestion levels
at European airports, Journal of Air Transport Management, 5 (3), 113–134.
Sellner R., Nagl P., 2010, Air accessibility and growth – The economic effects of a capacity expansion at Vienna International Airport, Journal of Air Transport Management, 16 (6), 325–329.
Shi J., Ying X., 2008, Accessibility of a destination-based transportation system: a large airport study,
Tsinghua Science & Technology, 13 (2), 211–219.
Stubbs J., Jegede F., 1998, The integration of rail and air transport in Britain, Journal of Transport
Geography, 6 (1), 53–67.
Tam M. L., Tam M. L., Lam W. H. K., 2005, Analysis of airport access mode choice: a case study
in Hong Kong, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 6, 708–723.
Trzepacz P., 2010, Relacje port lotniczy – środowisko przyrodnicze (Natural environment – airport
relationship), Prace Geograficzne I G i G P U J, 123, 129–142.
Upham, P., Maughan, J., Raper, D., Thomas, C., 2003, Towards sustainable aviation, Earthscan,
Windle R., Dresner M., 1995, Airport choice in a multiple airport region, A S C E Journal of Transportation Engineering, 21, 332–337.
Valentinelli N., Liefner I., Brandt O., 2004, Fluggastpotenzial des Flughafens Hannover-Langenhagen, Hannoversche Geographische Arbeitsmaterialien, 29.

Internet sources, 2012., 2012., 2012.

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie