The Permanent Court of Justice and the German minority in Poland (1923–1934)

Giuseppe Motta


This study examines decisions of the Permanent Court of International Justice and their impact on the German-Polish dispute. It considers how international jurisdiction approached the question of minority protection and how the efficiency of this experiment in international justice was extremely influenced by political motives and contrasting political visions. The fragile balance between legal and political aspects was evident, and despite the efforts of the Court, political interests prevailed. It will be argued that the problems of the minority system and the German-Polish controversies proved that the international institutions could only provide the states with a support in settling their disputes: international stability could only be guaranteed by sincere mutual cooperation among the members of a community of states.

Słowa kluczowe: minority protection, Permanent Court of International Justice, League of Nations, German-Polish relations

Archive sources

Historical Archives of the League of Nations (Haln, Geneva)

Secretariat, Minority Section, box 41

Official Journal of the League of Nations (Ojln)

Secretariat, Minority Section, box 41 is the folder. It is referred to the Historical Archives...

Collections of documents

Publications of the Permanent Court of International Justice, Series A, B, A./B.

Documents on German Foreign Policy, 1918–1945.

Documents on British Foreign Policy, 1919–1939.

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