The “Storms and Turns of History”: Emigration Narratives in the 20th Century in Polish and Hungarian History Textbooks

Nóra Szisz

Abstrakt

History textbooks are special sources, reflecting on the era in which they were published. They play a role in formation of national identity and shape students’ perception of the past and their relation to the present. Central Europe’s recent media have given considerable attention to emigration. How do history textbooks narrate migration? This paper explores how the current history textbooks in Hungary and Poland narrate mass emigration. Findings reveal several reasons for the mass migration named by the textbooks, which include a desire for improved economic and living conditions. The treatment of emigrant groups as transnational populations in both Hungarian and Polish narratives suggests that they are separated from their home country’s national history and in a way ‘step out’ of its flow – however, the narratives appearing in the Polish textbooks deal with the overall neglected groups in greater depth. In addition, this research explores how these textbooks treat these transnational populations.

Słowa kluczowe: history textbooks, emigration, memory politics, Poland, Hungary
References

2017/2018. tanévi köznevelési tankönyvjegyzék, https://www.oktatas.hu/kozneveles/tankonyv/jegyzek_es_rendeles/tankonyvjegyzek_2017_2018 [accessed: February 14, 2020].

Assmann A., “Transformations between History and Memory,” Social Research: An International Quarterly 2008, nr 1, p. 75.

Borhegyi P., Paksa R., Történelem 11. tankönyv, Oktatási és Fejlesztő Intézet, Kísérleti tankönyv, 2016.

Fuchs E., “Current Trends in History and Social Studies Textbook Research,” Journal of International Cooperation in Education 2011, vol. 14, nr 2, pp. 14–37.

Galik P., Zrozumieć przeszłość. Lata 1815–1939. Podręcznik do historii dla liceum ogólnokształcącego i technikum. Zakres rozszerzony. Część 3, Nowa Era Spółka z o.o., 2014.

Morgan K., Henning E., “Designing a Tool for History Textbook Analysis,” Forum: Qualitative Social Research 2013, vol. 14, nr 1, pp. 1–21.

Sárhegyi T.F., “System Change in Secondary School History Schoolbooks,” Történelemtanítás 2017, p. 23.

Száray M., Történelem 11., Oktatási és Fejlesztő Intézet, Budapest 2016.

Száray M., Történelem III. középiskolák számára, Műszaki Könyvkiadó, Budapest 2014, pp. 266–267.

Ustrzycki J., Ustrzycki M., Historia 2. Część 2. Zakres rozszerzony. Podręcznik dla szkół ponadgimnazjalnych, Wydawnictwo Pedagogiczne OPERON Sp. z o.o., Gdynia 2016.

Wykazy podręczników, https://podreczniki.men.gov.pl/dopuszczone_lista3.php [accessed: February 14, 2020].

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line. Pierwotną wersją
czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana kwartalnie w internecie.