Feral Urban Wild Boars: Managing Spaces of Conflict with Care and Attention

Agata Kowalewska


The article provides an insight into the status of urban wild boars and their relationship with human neighbours, focusing on the spaces of conflict. The population of wild boars in Gdynia, Poland, serves as the point of departure for the study, which employs interviews with the local community, observations and discourse analysis of the local news portals. The article uses Anna Lowenhaupt Tsing’s concept of ferality as the framework for looking at the transformations undergone by the wild boars in the process of becoming city dwellers and considers Donna Haraway’s making kin as the possibility of multispecies “getting on well”. Demonstrating the impossibility of simple solutions, the text further looks at the problematic notion of management, to propose a rethinking of the concept through care and attention as a possible path to conviviality.

Słowa kluczowe: wild boars, feral, urban boars, feral urban boars, nonhuman citizens

Franklin A. (2017), The More-Than-Human City, “The Sociological Review”, vol. 65 (2), pp. 202–217.

Fruziński B., Łabudzki L. (2002), Management of Wild Boar in Poland, “Zeitschrift für Jagdwissenschaft”, no. 48, pp. 201–207.

Haraway D. (2015), Anthropocene, Capitalocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin, “Environmental Humanities”, no. 6, pp. 159–165.

Haraway D. (1988), Situated Knowledges: The Science Question in Feminism and the Privilege of Partial Perspective, “Feminist Studies” , vol. 14 (3), pp. 575–599.

Haraway D. (2016), Staying with the Trouble: Making Kin in the Chthulucene, Durham, NC: Duke University Press.

Hinchliffe S., Kearnes M.B., Degen M., Whatmore S. (2005), Urban Wild Things: A Cosmopolitical Experiment, “Environment and Planning D: Society and Space” 2005, vol. 23 (5), pp. 643–658.

Hinchliffe S., Whatmore S. (2006), Living Cities: Towards a Politics of Conviviality, “Science as Culture”, vol. 15 (2), pp. 123–138.

Ivey M.R., Colvin M., Strickland B.K., Lashley M.A. (2019), Reduced Vertebrate Diversity Independent of Spatial Scale Following Feral Swine Invasions, “Ecology and Evolution”, vol. 9 (13), pp. 7761–7767.

Jezierski W. (1977), Longevity and Mortality Rate in a Population of Wild Boar, “Acta Theriologica”, vol. 22 (24), pp. 337–348.

Konczal A.A. (2013), Kult świętego Huberta w Polsce w świetle koncepcji tradycji wynalezionej, “Lud”, no. 97, pp. 291–303.

Lorimer J. (2015), Wildlife in the Anthropocene: Conservation after Nature, Minneapolis–London: University of Minnesota Press.

Meng X.J., Lindsay D.S., Sriranganathan N. (2009), Wild Boars as Sources for Infectious Diseases in Livestock and Humans, “Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences”, vol. 364 (1530), pp. 2697–2707.

Powell D.M. (2003), Pigs (Suidae), in: D.G. Kleiman, V. Geist, M. McDade (eds.), Grzimek’s Animal Life Encyclopedia, second edit., vol. 15, Mammals IV, pp. 275–290.

Rosvold J., Andersen R. (2008), Wild Boar in Norway: Is Climate a Limiting Factor?, “Rapport Zoologisk”, no. 1.

Scandura M. (2009), Nonkin Associations in Wild Boar Social Units, “Journal of Mammalogy”, vol. 90 (3), pp. 666–674.

Schopenhauer A. (1995) [1840], On the Basis of Morality, transl. E.F.J. Payne, Providence: Berghahn Books.

Szczygielska M. (2018), Wild Boars and Family Values in Poland, Bewildering Boar Blog: June 2018, https://boar.hypotheses.org/472 (accessed: 10.11.2019).

Tack J. (2018), Wild Boar (Sus scrofa) Populations in Europe: A Scientific Review of Population Trends and Implications for Management, European Landowners’ Organization, Brussels,

https://www.europeanlandowners.org/images/Wild_Boar_Report_2018/122193_WILD_BOAR_GB.pdf (accessed: 10.11.2019).

Toïgo C., Servanty S., Gaillard J.-M., Brandt S., Baubet E. (2008), Disentangling Natural From Hunting Mortality in an Intensively Hunted Wild Boar Population, “Journal of Wildlife Management”, vol. 72 (7), pp. 1532–1539.

Tsing A.L. (2005), Friction: An Ethnography of Global Connection, Oxford: Princeton University Press.

Tsing A.L. (2012), Contaminated Diversity in ‘Slow Disturbance’: Potential Collaborators for a Livable Earth, in: G. Martin, D. Mincyte, U. Muenster (eds.), Why Do We Value Diversity? Biocultural Diversity in a Global Context, “RCC Perspectives”, no. 9, pp. 95–97.

Tsing A. L. (2017), A Threat to Holocene Resurgence Is a Threat to Livability, in: M. Brightman, J. Lewis (eds.), The Anthropology of Sustainability, London: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 51–65.

Tsing A. L. (2018), Getting by in Terrifying Times, “Dialogues in Human Geography”, vol. 8 (1), pp. 73–76.

Tsing A. L., Mathews A.S., Bubandt N. (2019), Patchy Anthropocene: Landscape Structure, Multispecies History, and the Retooling of Anthropology, “Current Anthropology”, vol. 60 (20).

United States Department of Agriculture Report: Feral Swine: Impacts on Threatened and Endangered Species, https://www.aphis.usda.gov/publications/wildlife_damage/2016/fsc-feral-swine-impacts-tes.pdf?fbclid=IwAR2lsVOxqYu25M7x5LAq9RMr8AIdxFJ7omyfxkGLXcw5yPjwGF7tXNnCylw (accessed: 10.11.2019).

Vale G., Davis S.J., Lambeth S.P., Schapiro S.J., Whiten A. (2017), Acquisition of a Socially Learned Tool Use Sequence in Chimpanzees: Implications for Cumulative Culture, “Evolution and Human Behavior”, vol. 38 (5), pp. 635–644.

Veličković N., Ferreira E., Djan M., Ernst M., Obreht Vidaković D., Monaco A., Fonseca C. (2016), Demographic History, Current Expansion and Future Management Challenges of Wild Boar Populations in the Balkans and Europe, “Heredity”, no. 117, pp. 348–357.


Source articles

a – https://gdansk.naszemiasto.pl/gdynia-ma-problem-z-dzikami-walesajacymi-sie-po-ulicach/ar/c8-3105068

b – https://gdynia.naszemiasto.pl/dziki-opanowaly-gdynie-sieja-spustoszenie/ar/c8-3485130

c – https://gdynia.naszemiasto.pl/dziki-grasuja-w-gdyni-sterroryzowaly-matke-z-dzieckiem-w/ar/c8-3327953

d – https://gdynia.naszemiasto.pl/nadszedl-czas-na-radykalne-metody-w-walce-z-dzikamiw-gdyni/ar/c8-4887690

e – https://dziennikbaltycki.pl/uwaga-na-dziki-w-gdyni-zwierzeta-zaczely-terroryzowac-mieszkancow/ar/13432821

f – https://www.trojmiasto.pl/wiadomosci/Odstrzal-dzikow-w-Gdyni-niepokoi-mieszkancow-n137876.html

g – https://www.trojmiasto.pl/wiadomosci/Gdansk-prowadzi-odstrzal-dzikow-n136293.html

h – https://www.trojmiasto.pl/wiadomosci/Bariera-zapachowa-zatrzyma-dziki-n138285.html

i – https://trojmiasto.wyborcza.pl/trojmiasto/7,35612,24351140,prostest-przeciw-odstrzalowi-


Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana
kwartalnie w internecie. Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.