Wpływ zagęszczenia przestrzeni na oceny związanego z nią czasu – zmiany rozwojowe

Beata Winnicka

Abstrakt

Impact of the space density on the estimation of temporal duration - developmental changes

According to the models emphasizing the role of memory in estimating time the morę elements the phenomenon contains, the longer is its subjective duration. Research on space perception shows that the subjective path length is positively related to the number of landmarks associated with a given route. The aim of our experiment was to analyze how the density of space influences the judgments of time needed to traverse it in children aged 4, 6 and 9 years.
120 children (20 girls an 20 boy s in each agę group) were tested individually. We presented them two 15-second videos that differ in the number of presented objects. Participants produ-ced prospective time estimations, using the specially designed clock. 9-year olds perceived space with a greater density with longer durations F(1.39) = 11.50, p < 0.005. The tendency for lengthening subjective time as aresult of increased density of space has appeared also in preschool groups, but the differences in the 4- and the 6-year-olds were not statistically significant.
 

Słowa kluczowe: space density, time, duration estimation, children, developmental changes
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