Style przywiązania a preferencje wartości we wczesnej dorosłości

Monika Kozłowska


Attachment patterns and value preference among young adults

Present research aimed in analysing relations between romantic attachment and value system among young adults (N = 159). Two theories are the background for the presented study: a modified J. Bowlby’s attachment theory and S. Schwartz’s theory of basic human values. I outline a concept that extends attachment theory on grounds of romantic relationships in adulthood (P. Shaver) and a classification of attachment patterns based on three dimensions (Z. Łoś). Further, I present questionnaires that were used to assess chosen variables. This article contains chosen correlational results as well as conclusions of the research. Relations between attachment dimensions and value preference are weak. Nevertheless both variable groups are shown to correlate strongly with Big Five dimensions, which served here as controlled variables. This suggests that Big Five dimensions may be mediators between attachment and other psychological variables.

Słowa kluczowe: attachment theory, attachment patterns, internal working models, value system

Ainsworth M. (1979), Infant-Mother Attachment. American Psychologist, Vol. 34, No. 10, 932–937.

Bartholomew K., Horowitz L.M., (1991), Attachment styles among young adults: A test of a Four-Category Model. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 61, 2, 226–244.

Bilsky W., Schwartz, S. (1994), Values and Personality. European Journal of Personality, Vol. 8, 163–181.

Bouchard T.J. (2004), Genetic Influence on Human Psychological Traits, a Survey, Current Directions in Psychological Science 13, 4, 148–151.

Bowlby J. (2007/1969), Przywiązanie. Warszawa: PWN.

Brennan K.A., Clark C.L., Shaver P.R. (1998), Self-Report measurement of adult attachment. An integrative overview [w:] J.A. Simpson, W.S. Rholes (red.). Attachment theory and close relationships, 46–76. New York, London: The Guilford Press.

Fraley R.C., Shaver P.R. (2000), Adult romantic attachment: Theoretical developments, emerging controversies, and unanswered questions. Review of General Psychology, 4, 132–154.

Hazan C., Shaver, P. (1987), Romantic Love Conceptualised as an Attachment Process. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 3, 511–524.

Hinz A., Brahler E., Schmidt P., Albani C. (2005), Investigating the Circumplex Structure of the Portrait Values Questionnaire (PVQ). Journal of Individual Differences, 26, 4, 185–193.

Jang K.L., McCrae R., Angleitner A., Riemann R., Livesley W.J. (1998), Heritability of Facet-Level Traits in Cross-Cultural Twin Sample: Support for a Hierarchical Model of Personality, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1556–1565.

Knafo A., Schwartz S. (2004), Identity formation and parent-child value congruence in adolescence, British Journal of Developmental Psychology, 22, 439–458.

Kobak R., Cole H., Fleming W., Ferenz-Gillies R., Gamble W. (1993). Attachment and emotion regulation during mother-teen problem-solving: A control theory analysis. Child Development, 64, 231–245.

Levy M.B., Davis K.E. (1988), Lovestyles and attachment styles compared: Their relations to each other and to various relationship characteristics. Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 5, 439–471.

Łoś Z. (2006), Pięćdziesiąt lat badań nad przywiązaniem u ludzi i zwierząt [w:] B. Bartosz, J. Klebaniuk (red.). Wokół jakości życia. Studia psychologiczne. Wrocław: Wydawnictwo Jakopol.

Łoś Z. (2010), Dyskusyjnie o klasyfikacji i pomiarze wzorców przywiązania. Psychologia Rozwojowa nr 2 (w druku).

Noftle E.E., Shaver P.R. (2006), Attachment dimensions and the big five personality traits: Associations and comparative ability to predict relationship quality. Journal of Research in Personality, 40, 179–208.

Pietromonaco P.R., Feldman Barrett L. (2000), The Internal Working Models Concept: What Do We Really Know About the Self in Relation to Others? Review of General Psychology, 4, 2, 155–175.

Rohan M.J. (2000), A Rose by Any Name? The Values Construct. Personality and Social Psychology Review, Vol. 4, No. 3, 255–277.

Sagiv L., Schwartz S. (1995), Value Priorities and Readiness for Out-Group Social Contact. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 69, No. 3, 437–448.

Sagiv L., Schwartz S. H. (2004), Values, intelligence and client behavior in career counseling: A field study. European Journal of Psychology of Education, Vol. 19, No 3, 237–254.

Schwartz S. (1999), A theory of cultural values and some implications for work. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 48, 23–47.

Schwartz S., Bardi A. (2001), Value hierarchies across cultures. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 32, 1, 268–290.

Schwartz S., Bilsky W. (1987), Toward a Psychological Structure of Human Values. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 53, 550–562.

Schwartz S., Boehnke K. (2004), Evaluating the structure of human values with confi rmatory factor analysis, Journal of Research in Personality, 38, 230–255.

Schwartz S., Melech G., Lehmann A., Burgess S., Harris, M., Owens, V. (2001), Extending the cross-cultural validity of the theory of basic human values with a different method of measurement. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 32, No 5, 519–542.

Schwartz S., Scoring Key for PVQ IV Value Scale, materiał niepublikowany.

Shaver P.R., Mikulincer M. (2007), Podejście behawiorystyczne do miłości romantycznej. Systemy: przywiązania, opieki i seksualny [w:] R.J. Sternberg, K. Weiss (red.). Nowa psychologia miłości, 59–100, Taszów: Biblioteka Moderatora.

Wojciszke B. (2003), Człowiek wśród ludzi. Zarys psychologii społecznej. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Scholar.

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.
Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna
publikowana kwartalnie w internecie.