Statusy tożsamości a style tożsamości i funkcjonowanie emocjonalne uczniów szkół zawodowych

Anna Izabela Brzezińska,

Konrad Piotrowski,

Tomasz Czub

The aim of the study was to analyze differences in respect of identity processing styles, shame and guilt proneness, and difficulties in emotion regulation among individuals in late adolescence with different identity statuses. The participants were 971 students from different types of vocational schools, including: (1) basic vocational schools (n = 271), technical secondary schools (n = 447), and specialized secondary schools (n = 253). Analysis of the results showed that the distribution of six empirically distinguished (on the basis of cluster analysis) identity statuses among the students from the three investigated types of schools varied. Identity statuses also differentiated the results of other investigated variables. Individuals with identity achievement and foreclosure used more adaptive identity styles, had a lower level of shame proneness and a lower level of difficulties in emotion regulation than individuals with diffused diffusion and carefree diffusion statuses. The results have been analyzed from the perspective of cognitive and emotional determinants of identity formation. Limitations of the study and suggestions for further research have also been presented.
Słowa kluczowe: adolescencja, skłonność do wstydu, skłonność do poczucia winy, regulacja emocji, status tożsamości, styl tożsamości, szkoła zawodowa

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