On understanding the notion and types of administrative proceedings involving legal entities in Ukrainian administrative law

Yulia Dorokhina

Abstrakt

The article defines the concept of “procedure” and clarifies the question of correlation between such terms as “proceedings” and “procedure”. Several approaches to the definition of “procedure” have been analysed depending on the selected notion of the subject of the administrative process (from the viewpoint of management, law and the judiciary). It has been observed that the terms “procedure” and “proceedings” refer to static and dynamic interdependencies. The emphasis is put on the fact that the differentiation of administrative proceedings can be performed using a variety of criteria and there can be no exhaustive list of criteria for the classification of administrative proceedings in the legal science. It has been suggested that the more criteria are used to classify the administrative proceedings, the further understanding of each administrative proceeding and its special aspects is achieved. Special attention is given to administrative proceedings characterised by the obligatory or optional involvement of legal entities as legal subjects. It has been indicated that a legal entity can be a subject of legal proceedings on administrative violations, enforcement proceedings and those regarding administration of complaints. In order to resolve particular inconsistencies in doctrinal and regulatory frameworks as well as law enforcement outcomes, it has been suggested that the legal persons’ tort liability as well as their ability to sue and procedural ability in administrative proceedings should be definitively formalised at the regulatory level in new codified acts of law (the Ukrainian Code of Administrative Procedure and the Ukrainian Code of Administrative Offences).

Słowa kluczowe: procedura administracyjna, postępowanie administracyjne, osoba prawna
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