Badania nad procesami poznawczymi w zaburzeniach obsesyjno-kompulsywnych – zarys problematyki

Marta Mrozowicz


Research on Cognitive Processes in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder – An Outline of Issues

The aim of this article is to discuss possible directions of interdisciplinary studies on obsessive-compulsive disorder. It is proposed that while examining the cognitive basis of the disorder one’s beliefs about the way cognitive processes work and the actual functioning of these processes should be taken into consideration, with executive functions in particular. Interdisciplinary studies combining psychiatry, clinical psychology and cognitive sciences may not only improve the understanding of the nature of cognitive processes, but also provide important data on how they are associated with specifi c symptoms of mental disorders. From a broader perspective such an approach may be potentially useful in developing new therapeutic techniques.


Aleksandrowicz J.W. (1998). Zaburzenia nerwicowe, zaburzenia osobowości i zachowania dorosłych (według ICD-10). Psychopatologia, diagnostyka, leczenie. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.

American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association.

Aouizerate B., Guehl D., Cuny E., Rougier A., Bioulac B., Tignol J., Burbaud P. (2004). Pathophysiology of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A Necessary Link between Phenomenology, Neuropsychology, Imagery and Physiology. „Progress in Neurobiology” 72, s. 195–221.

Bédard M.-J., Joyal Ch.C., Godbout L., Chantal S. (2009). Executive Functions and the Obsessivecompulsive Disorder: On the Importance of Subclinical Symptoms and Other Concomitant Factors. „Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology” 24, s. 585–598.

Bryńska A. (2007). Zaburzenia obsesyjno-kompulsywne. Rozpoznanie, etiologia, terapia poznawczo-behawioralna. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.

Cabrera A.R., McNally R.J., Savage R. (2001). Missing the Forest for the Tress? Deficient Memory for Linguistic Gist in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. „Psychological Medicine” 31, s. 1089–1094.

Cartwright-Hatton S., Wells A. (1997). Beliefs about Worry and Intrusions: The Meta-cognitions Questionnaire and its Correlates. „Journal of Anxiety Disorders” 11(3), s. 279–296.

Chamberlain S.R., Blackwell A.D., Finenberg N.A., Robbins T.W., Sahakian B.J. (2005). The Neuropsychology of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder: Th e Importance of Failures in Cognitive and Behavioural Inhibition as Candidate Endophenotypic Markers. „Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews” 29, s. 399–419.

Constans J.I., Foa E.B., Franklin M.E., Mathews A. (1995). Memory for Actual and Imagined Events in OC Checkers. „Behaviour Research and Th erapy” 33(6), s. 665–671.

Enright S.J., Beech A.R., Claridge S. (1995). A Further Investigation of Cognitive Inhibition in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder and Other Anxiety Disorders. „Personality and Individual Differences” 14, s. 387–395.

Exner C., Kohl A., Zaudig M., Langs G., Lincoln T.M., Rief W. (2009). Metacognition and Episodic Memory in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. „Journal of Anxiety Disorders” 23, s. 624–631.

Goldman B., Martin E.D., Calamari J.E., Woodard J.L., Chik H.M, Messina M.G., Pontarelli N.K., Marker C.D., Riemann B.C., Wiegartz P.S. (2008). Implicit Learning, Though-thought Focused Attention and Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A Replication and Extension. „Behaviour Research and Th erapy” 46, s. 48–61.

Gwilliam P., Wells A., Cartwright-Hatton S. (2004). Does Meta-cognition or Responsibility Predict Obsessive-compulsive Symptoms? „Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy” 11, s. 137–144.

Henry J. (2006). A Meta-analytic Review of Wisconsin Card Sorting Test and Verbal Fluency Performance in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. „Cognitive Neuropsychiatry” 11(2), s. 156–176.

Kępiński A. (1979). Psychopatologia nerwic. Warszawa: Państwowy Zakład Wydawnictw Lekarskich.

Leckman J.F., Denys D., Simpson H.B., Mataix-Cols D., Hollander E., Saxena S., Miguel E., Rauch S.L., Goodman W.K., Phillips A., Stein D.J. (2010). Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A Review of the Diagnostic Criteria and Possible Subtypes and Dimensional Specifiers for DSM-V. „Depression and Anxiety” 27, s. 507–527.

Lochner Ch., Stein D.J. (2003). Heterogeneity of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A Literature Review. „Harvard Review of Psychiatry” 3, s. 113–132.

Miyake A., Friedman N.P., Emerson M.J., Witzki A.H., Howerter A. (2000). The Unity and Diversity of Executive Functions and their Contributions to Complex “Frontal Lobe” Tasks: A Latent Variable Analysis. „Cognitive Psychology” 41, s. 49–100.

Muller J., Roberts J.E. (2005). Memory and Attention in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder: A Review. „Journal of Anxiety Disorders” 19, s. 1–28.

Nedeljkovic M., Kyrios M. (2007). Confi dence in Memory and Other Cognitive Processes in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. „Behaviour Research and Th erapy” 45, s. 2899–2914.

Rachman S. (2005). Zaburzenia lękowe. Tłum. J. Kowalczewska. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Radomsky A.S., Rachman S. (1999). Memory Bias in Obsessive-compulsive Disorder. „Behaviour Research and Th erapy” 37, s. 605–618.

Ruscio A.M., Stein D.J., Chiu W.T., Kessler R.C. (2010). Th e Epidemiology of Obsessive-compulsive Disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. „Molecular Psychiatry” 15, s. 53–63.

Wilner A., Reich T., Robins I., Fishman R., van Doren T. (1976). Obsessive-compulsive Neurosis. „Comprehensive Psychiatry” 17, s. 527–539.

World Health Organization (2007). International Statistical Classifi cation of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, cations/icd/en/ (dostęp: 10.04.2011).

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie.
Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line