Non-invasive means of moral improvement – a critical review of selected methods

Marta Sokólska


Th e main purpose of this paper is to underline the importance of non-invasive methods of moral improvement. I defend the thesis that non-invasive stimulation of human morality should not be concerned as outdated. Among diff erent possible methods discussed nowadays, these that do not require any invasive intervention into neural system  should remain a valuable part of the discussion about moral enhancement. Two means of non-invasive ways to stimulate morality and their expected eff ects are proposed in this paper. Th e fi rst one is derived from the practice of involving horses in the process of resocialization and development of morally desirable traits. Th e second one is based on the idea of d rama-based interventions and its potential of increasing the abilities of perspective taking and noticing morally relevant aspects of situations in the participants.

Słowa kluczowe: morality, moral cognition, moral enhancement, moral improvement, moral education, equine assisted activities, drama-based interventions

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