Actos de habla directivos y cortesía ritualizada en español medieval

Gabriela Cruz Volio

Abstrakt

Directive speech acts and ritualized politeness in medieval Spanish

The goal of this paper is to examine the relationship between politeness and directive speech acts in medieval Spanish. The analysis, which is eminently descriptive, is based on fictional literature from the13th and 14th centuries, although there are also examples taken from historical corpora. The focus first falls on the pragmatic space of directive speech acts with regards to their formal properties, contextual cues and interpersonal features. The pragmatic modifiers that either soften or strengthen the illocutionary force or affect in some way the relationship between speaker and hearer are then taken into account. Finally, it is contended that politeness in medieval Spanish has a ritual component that helps maintain the social order and construe interpersonal relationships.

Słowa kluczowe: historical pragmatics, directive speech acts, politeness, ritual, medieval Spanish
References

TEXTOS Y CORPUS USADOS

Cantar de mío Cid, 2007, Alberto Montaner (ed.), Barcelona: Galaxia Gutenberg, Círculo de Lectores.

CHARTA Corpus Hispánico y Americano en la Red: Textos Antiguos, disponible en: www.corpuscharta.es (consulta el 12 de diciembre de 2021).

CORDE Corpus diacrónico del español, Real Academia Española, disponible en: http://corpus.rae.es/cordenet.html (consulta el 4 de febrero de 2022).

Don Juan Manuel. El conde Lucanor, 2004, María Jesús Zamora (ed.), Madrid: Biblioteca EDAF.

El libro del cauallero Zifar, 1929, Charles Philip Wagner (ed.), Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Libro de Apolonio, 2011, Dolores Corbella (ed.), Madrid: Cátedra.

Libro de la infancia y muerte de Jesús. Libre dels tres reys d’Orient, 1965, Manuel Alvar (ed.), Madrid: Clásicos Hispánicos.

Sendebar, 2011, María Jesús Lacarra (ed.), Madrid: Cátedra.

 

FUENTES SECUNDARIAS

Arndt Horst, Janney Richard, 1985, Politeness revisited: Cross modal supportive strategies, International Review of Applied Linguistics in Language Teaching, 23(4): 281‒300.

Bax Marcel, 2010, Rituals, (en:) Handbook of Historical Pragmatics, Andreas H. Jucker, Irma Taavitsainen (eds.), Berlin: Mouton De Gruyter, 483‒519.

Blum-Kulka Shoshana, House Juliene, Kasper Gabriele (eds.), 1989, Cross-cultural Pragmatics: Requests and Apologies, Norwood: Ablex.

Briz Gómez Antonio, 2011, El español coloquial en la conversación. Esbozo de pragmagramática, Barcelona: Ariel.

Brown Penelope, Levinson Stephen, 1987, Politeness: Some Universals in Language Use, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Chodorowska-Pilch Marianna, 2017, Atenuación pragmática: el caso de las condicionales, Normas, 7(1), 97‒106, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7203/Normas.7.10426.

Cruz Volio Gabriela, 2017, Actos de habla y modulación discursiva en español medieval. Representaciones de (des)cortesía verbal histórica, Frankfurt: Peter Lang.

Edmondson Willis, House Juliane, 1981, Let’s Talk and Talk about It: A Pedagogic Interactional Grammar of English, Munich: Urban & Schwarzenberg.

Goffman Erving, 1967, Interaction Ritual, New York: Pantheon Books.

Haverkate Henk, 1994, La cortesía verbal: estudio pragmalingüístico, Madrid: Gredos.

Held Gudrun, 1989, On the role of maximization in verbal politeness, Multilingua, 8(2/3): 167‒206.

Kádár Dániel, 2017, Politeness, Impoliteness and Ritual. Maintaining the Moral Order in Interpersonal Interaction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Leech Geoffrey, 2014, The Pragmatics of Politeness, New York: Oxford University Press.

Menéndez Pidal Ramón (ed.), 1944, Cantar de Mio Cid. Texto, gramática y vocabulario (vol. 3), Madrid: Espasa-Calpe.

Montgomery Thomas, 1998, Medieval Spanish Epic: Mythic Roots and Ritual Language, Pennsylvania: Penn State Press.

Risselada Rodie, 1993, Imperatives and Other Directive Expressions in Language. A Study in the Pragmatics of a Dead Language, Amsterdam: Gieben.

Schrott Angela, 2017, Cortesía verbal y competencia lingüística: la petición cortés como tradición discursiva, Normas, 7(1), 188‒202, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.7203/Normas.7.10432.

Searle John, 1969, Speech Acts: An Essay in the Philosophy of Language, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Taavitsainen Irma, Jucker Andreas, 2008, Speech acts now and then. Towards a pragmatic history of English, (en:) Speech Acts in the History of English, Andreas H. Jucker, Irma Taavitsainen (eds.), Amsterdam/Filadelfia: John Benjamins, 1‒23.

Werkhofer Konrad, 2005, Traditional and modern views: The social constitution and the power of politeness, (en:) Politeness in Language: Studies in Its History, Theory and Practice, Richard J. Watts, Sachiko Ide, Konrad Ehlich (eds.), Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 155‒199.

Czasopismo ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.
Pierwotną formą czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna.