Categorically Jewish, Distinctly Polish: The Museum of the History of Polish Jews and the New Polish-Jewish Metahistory

Moshe Rosman

Abstrakt

The Museum of the History of Polish Jews is a daring enterprise that symbolizes the new Poland. It relates the story of the Jewish experience in Poland in a way that reflects the metahistory implicit in Polish-Jewish historiography written over the generation. The main points of this metahistory are: for most of its history Poland was a multiethnic and multicultural country; Poland’s Jews did not live in “shtetl-land” but Poland, being not only in the country but of it; a story of achievement and stability punctuated by crisis and persecution, Polish-Jewish history can be described as categorically Jewish and distinctly Polish; there is the Polish-Jewish history in the nineteenth century; the Jewish experience in Poland was not one of unrelenting antisemitism and the Shoah was not the culmination of Polish-Jewish history. The Museum also alludes to various historical controversies.

References

Aleksiun Natalia, Jewish Responses to Antisemitism in Poland 1944–1947, [w:] Contested Memories: Poles and Jews During the Holocaust and Its Aftermath, red. Joshua Zimmerman, New Brunswick 2003.

Bacon Gershon, National Revival, Ongoing Acculturation: Jewish Education in Interwar Poland, „Jahrbuch des Simon Dubnow-Instituts” 1 (2002).

Bacon Gershon, Polish-Jewish Relations in Modern Times: The Search for a Me- taphor and a Historical Framework, [w:] Text and Context, red. Eli Lederhendler i Jack Wertheimer, New York 2005.

Bacon Gershon, Unchanging View: Polish Jewry as Seen in Recent One-Volume Histories of the Jews, „Polin” 4 (1989).

Bar-Itzhak Haya, Jewish Poland: Legends of Origin, Detroit 2001.

Berkhofer Robert F. Jr., Beyond the Great Story: History as Text and Discourse, Cambridge, Mass. 1995.

Davies Norman, God’s Playground: A History of Poland, t. 1, New York 1982.

Dawisha Karen, Parrott Bruce, The Consolidation of Democracy in East Central Europe, Cambridge 1997.

Dynner Glenn, Men of Silk: The Hasidic Conquest of Polish-Jewish Society, Oxford 2008.

Engel David, Away From a Definition of Antisemitism: An Essay in the Semantics of Historical Description, [w:] Rethinking European Jewish History, red. Jeremy Cohen i Moshe Rosman, Oxford 2009.

Engel David, Historians of the Jews and the Holocaust, Stanford 2010.

Engel David, Patterns of Anti-Jewish Violence in Poland 1944–1946, „Yad Vashem Studies” 26 (1998).

Engel David, Possibilities of Rescuing Polish Jewry Under German Occupation and the Influence of the Polish Government-in-Exile, [w:] Nazi Europe and the Final Solution, red. David Bankier i Israel Gutman, Jeruszalaim 2003.

Gierowski Józef Andrzej, Na szlakach Rzeczpospolitej w nowożytnej Europie, red. Andrzej Link-Lenczowski, Kraków 2008.

Gierowski Józef Andrzej, The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth in the XVIIIth Century, Kraków 1996.

Goldberg Jacob, The Changes in the Attitude of Polish Society towards the Jews in the Eighteenth Century, „Polin” 1 (1986).

Goldberg Jacob, “De non tolerandis Judaeis”: On the Introduction of Anti-Jewish Laws into Polish Towns and the Struggle Against Them, [w:] Studies in Jewish History Presented to Professor Raphael Mahler on His Seventy-Fifth Birthday, Merhavia 1974.

Goldberg Jacob, Gminy żydowskie (kahały) w systemie wladztwa dominialnego w szlacheckiej Rzeczpospolitej, [w:] Między historią a teorią, red. M. Drozdowski, Warszawa 1988.

Goldberg Jacob, Poles and Jews in the 17th and 18th Centuries: Rejection or Acceptance, „Jahrbücher fur Geschichte Osteuropas” 22 (1974).

Gross Jan T., Sąsiedzi – historia zagłady żydowskiego miasteczka, Sejny 2000.

Gross Jan T., Strach – antysemityzm w Polsce tuż po wojnie, Kraków 2008.

Heschel Abraham J., Pańska jest ziemia, tłum. Henryk Halkowski, Warszawa 1996.

Hubka Thomas C., Resplendent Synagogue, Waltham 2003.

Hundert Gershon D., The Jews in a Polish Private Town, Baltimore 1992.

Hundert Gershon D., Żydzi w Rzeczypospolitej Obojga Narodów. Genealogia nowoczesności, tłum. Marzena Zalewska, Warszawa 2007.

Jagodzińska Agnieszka, Pomiędzy. Akulturacja Żydów Warszawy w drugiej połowie XIX wieku, Wrocław 2008.

Jewish Privileges in the Polish Commonwealth, t. 1-3, wyd. Jacob Goldberg, Jeruszalaim 1985–2001. The Jews of Poland Between the Two World Wars, pod red. Israela Gutmana i in., Hanover 1989.

Kalik Judith, The Inn as a Focal Point for Jewish Relations with the Catholic Church in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, „Jews and Slavs” 21 (2008).

Kalik Judith, Jewish Leaseholders in 18th Century Crown Poland, „Jahrbücher fur Geschichte Osteuropas” 54 (2006).

Kalik Judith, Jews in Catholic Ecclesiastic Legislation in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, „Kwartalnik Historii Żydów” 209 (2004).

Kamiński Andrzej S., Historia Rzeczpospolitej wielu narodów, Lublin 2000.

Katz Jacob, Exclusiveness and Tolerance, New York 1961.

Katz Jacob, Tradition and Crisis, tłum. i red. Bernard Cooperman, Syracuse 2000.

Kirshenblatt-Gimblett Barbary, Destination Culture, Berkeley 1998.

Krajewski Stanisław, Poland and the Jews: Reflections of a Polish Jew, Kraków 2005.

Kuhn Thomas, The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Chicago 2012.

Łukowski Jerzy, Zawadzki Hubert, A Concise History of Poland, 2 wyd., Cambridge 2006.

Magner Michael, Civil Society in Poland after 1989: A Legacy of Socialism?, „Canadian Slavonic Papers” 47 (2005).

Manekin Rachel, The Lost Generation: Education and Female Conversion in ‘Fin de Siecle’ Krakow, „Polin” 18 (2005).

Mendelsohn Ezra, Reflections on East European Jewish Politics in the Twentieth Century, „YIVO Annual of Jewish Social Science” 20 (1991).

Mendelsohn Ezra, Żydzi Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej w okresie międzywojennym, tłum. Agata Tomaszewska, Warszawa 1992.

Michlic Joanna, Poland’s Threatening Other: The Image of the Jews from 1880 to the Present, Lincoln and London 2006. The Neighbors Respond: The Controversy Over the Jedwabne Massacre in Poland, red. Antony Polonsky i Joanna Michlic, Princeton 2004.

Opalski Magdalena, Bartal Israel, Poles and Jews: A Failed Brotherhood, Hanover 1992.

Polonsky Antony, Polish-Jewish Relations since 1984: Reflections of a Participant, Kraków 2009.

Prokop-Janiec Eugenia, Sofrim jehudim-polanim be-Krakow bejn szetej milchemot ha-olam, [w:] Kroke-Kazimierz-Krakow: Mechkarim betoldot jehudej Krakow, red. Elchanan Reiner, Tel Aviv 2001.

Rodov Ilya, The Torah Ark in Renaissance Poland: A Jewish Revival of Classical Antiquity, Leiden 2013.

Rosman Moshe, Historiografia szel jahadut Polin, 1945–1995, [w:] Kijum we-szewer: jehudej Polin le-doroteihem, red. Israel Bartal i Israel Gutman, t. 2, Jeruszalaim 2001.

Rosman Moshe, Innovative Tradition: Jewish Culture in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, [w:] Cultures of the Jews: A New History, red. David Biale, New York 2002.

Rosman Moshe, Jak pisać historię żydowską?, tłum. i red. naukowa Agnieszka Jagodzińska, Wrocław 2011.

Rosman Moshe, Jewish Perceptions of Insecurity and Powerlessness in 16th-18th Century Poland, „Polin” 1 (1986).

Rosman Moshe, A Minority Views the Majority, „Polin” 4 (1989).

Rosman Moshe, Reflections on the State of Polish-Jewish Historical Study, „Jewish History” 3 (1988).

Rosman Moshe J., Żydzi Pańscy. Stosunki magnacko-żydowskie w Rzeczypospolitej XVIII wieku, tłum. Wojciech Tyszka, Warszawa 2004.

Stone Daniel, The Polish-Lithuanian State, 1386–1795, Seattle 2001.

Studies in the History of the Jews in Old Poland, pod red. Adama Tellera, Jeruszalaim 1998 (Scripta Hierosolymitana 38).

Tec Nechama, When Light Pierced the Darkness: Christian Rescue of Jews in Nazi-Occupied Poland, New York 1987.

Teller Adam, Hasidism and the Challenge of Geography, “AJS Review” 30 (2006).

Teller Adam, “In the Land of their Enemies”? The Duality of Jewish Life in Eighteenth-Century Poland”, „Polin” 19 (2007).

Teller Adam, The Legal Status of the Jews on the Magnate Estates of Poland-Lithuania in the Eighteenth Century, „Gal-Ed” 15–16 (1997).

Teller Adam, The Shtetl as an Arena for Polish-Jewish Integration in the Eighteenth Century, „Polin” (2004).

Teller Adam, Teter Magda, Borders and Boundaries in the Historiography of the Jews in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, „Polin” 22 (2010).

Teter Magda, Jews and Heretics in Catholic Poland, Cambridge 2006.

Teter Magda, Sinners on Trial: Jews and Sacrilege after the Reformation, Cambridge, Mass. 2011.

Tomaszewski Jerzy, Rzeczpospolita wielu narodów, Warszawa 1985.

Wandycz Piotr S., The Lands of Partitioned Poland, Seattle 1984.

White Hayden, Historical Emplotment and the Problem of Truth, [w:] Probing the Limits of Representation, red. Saul Friedlander, Cambridge, Mass. 1992.

White Hayden, Metahistory, Baltimore 1973.

White Hayden, Tropics of Discourse, Baltimore 1978.

Wodziński Marcin, Hasidism, ‘Shtadlanut’ and Jewish Politics in Nineteenth Century Poland: The Case of Isaac Warka, „Jewish Quarterly Review” 95 (2005).

Wodziński Marcin, Oświecenie żydowskie w Królestwie Polskim wobec chasydyzmu – dzieje pewnej idei, Warszawa 2003.

Wodziński Marcin, Studia żydowskie w Polsce dawniej i dziś, „Studia Judaica” 15 (2012), nr 1–2.

Wodziński Marcin, Władze Królestwa Polskiego wobec chasydyzmu. Z dziejów stosunków politycznych, Wrocław 2008.

Wodziński Marcin, Źródła do dziejów chasydyzmu w Królestwie Polskim, 1815–1867, w zasobach polskich archiwów państwowych, Kraków-Budapest 2011.

Yaniv Bracha, Galfej ec jehudim be-mizrach Ejropa, „Zion” 77 (2012).

YIVO Encyclopedia of Jews in Eastern Europe, red. Gershon David Hundert, vol. 1–2, New Haven and London 2008.

Zamoyski Adam, The Polish Way: A Thousand Year History of the Poles and Their Culture, New York 1993.

Żydzi i judaizm we współczesnych badaniach polskich. Materiały z konferencji Kraków 21–23 XI 1995, red. Krzysztof Pilarczyk, Kraków 1997.