A Historical and Geopolitical Program of the “Young Hebrews” Movement in Israel, 1939–1953

Roman Vater

Abstrakt

This article analyzes the political ideology of the “Young Hebrews” movement which was active in mid-twentieth century Palestine and Israel. This ideology was based on a strict dichotomy between Hebrew national identity and Jewish ethno-denomination, being simultaneously anti-Zionist and nationalist, liberal and determinist. Using typologies of nationalism as its methodological framework, this article argues that the above paradoxes can be understood only in the light of the “Young Hebrews” historiographic foundation myth, and that it was above all a political movement and not an artistic avant-garde, as it is portrayed by standard Israeli scholarship.

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