Rzemiosło żydowskie w Lublinie i jego instytucje w latach trzydziestych XX wieku

Piotr Sewruk

Abstrakt

Jewish crafts in Lublin and their institutions in the 1930s

The paper attempts to reconstruct the condition of Jewish crafts in Lublin in the 1930s after the new legal regulations for industry were introduced in 1927 (“The act on industry law”). Crafts in Lublin in this period were ethnically strongly polarized between the two groups. Jews owned 60 percent of all the workshops in the city, while Poles held the rest of the crafts and services. Jewish craftsmen dominated mainly in textile (tailoring) and leather (shoemaking) industries and services like hairdressing or photography. The article focuses primarily on quantitative and statistic aspects of the discussed topic. Jewish craft organizations (craft guilds), supporting institutions (credit institutions for craftsmen) and Jewish personnel of the Lublin Chamber of Crafts are also presented.

Słowa kluczowe: Lublin, Żydzi, rzemiosło, dwudziestolecie międzywojenne, Jews, crafts, handicraft, interwar period