XVII-wieczne macewy z Chęcin – aspekty historyczne i kulturowe 

Andrzej Trzciński

Abstrakt

Seventeenth-Century Matzevot From Chęciny: Historical And Cultural Aspects

The article focuses on the seventeenth-century Jewish tombstones made of a decorative limestone (the so-called Chęciny marble) in stonecutters’ workshops operating from the early seventeenth century in Chęciny. It discusses matzevot produced in this town both for clients from other localities (including Lublin and Kraków) and for local population (matzevot preserved at the local Jewish cemetery). It analyzes their artistic and technical values as well as the situation of producers and clients in a broader historical context (such as wars and epidemics in the mid-century). It also explores the tombstones preserved in Chęciny itself as historical sources for the study of the local Jewish community and the cemetery as such. The last part of the article includes a catalogue of eleven best preserved matzevot from the Jewish cemetery at Chęciny.

Słowa kluczowe: Chęciny, cmentarze żydowskie, nagrobki żydowskie, epigrafika hebrajska, Jewish cemeteries, Jewish tombstones, Hebrew epigraphics