Prosody-segment Interactions in the Acoustics of Polish Front Vowels

Ewelina Wojtkowiak

Abstrakt

Artykuł ten przedstawia badanie akustyczne, stworzone, by zbadać efekty trzech różnych pozycji prozodycznych na fonetyczną produkcję przednich samogłosek w języku polskim w sekwencjach #CV (czyli samogłoski następującej kolejno po granicy prozodycznej i spółgłoskowym nagłosie) oraz #VC (czyli samogłoski następującej bezpośrednio po granicy prozodycznej). Wyniki eksperymentu sugerują, że jeśli chodzi o F1, język polski wydaje się nie rozróżniać między pozycją początku zdania a początku frazy, podczas gdy pewna liczba różnic została znaleziona między tymi dwoma pozycjami versus pozycją w środku zdania. Różnice nie zostały znalezione, jeśli chodzi o parametr F2 czy długość samogłoski. Nie ma również wyraźnego kontrastu między samogłoskami, które następują bezpośrednio po granicy prozodycznej, a tymi, które od tej granicy dzieli spółgłoska. Wyniki te wskazują na różnice w strukturze prozodycznej języka polskiego w porównaniu z innymi językami, w których znajdujemy bardziej wyraźne efekty.

ABSTRACT

This paper presents an acoustic study devised to investigate the effects of three presumably distinct prosodic position on the phonetic realisation of Polish front vowels in #CV (that is, following a prosodic boundary and a consonantal onset) and #VC sequences (that is, immediately following a prosodic boundary). The results of the experiment suggest that Polish does not seem to distinguish between utterance-initial and phrase-initial positions, with some contrasts present between these two positions and phrase-medial tokens with respect to F1. No effects of position have been found for F2 or vowel duration. There are also no clear differences on the acoustic realisation of vowels depending on whether or not they are adjacent to the prosodic boundary. These results raise questions about the nature of prosodic structure in Polish as compared to other languages which show more robust effects.

* The author is supported by a grant from the Polish National Science Centre (Narodowe Centrum Nauki), Project Number 2015/19/N/HS2/03395. I am grateful to Geoffrey Schwartz for all his help and support and to Adam Olender for his help with data collection. Thanks also go to two anonymous reviewers. Any remaining errors are my own responsibility.

Słowa kluczowe: interakcje prozodyczno-segmentalne, hierarchia prozodyczna, fonetyka segmentalna, fonetyka języka polskiego, samogłoski polskie / prosody-segment interactions, prosodic hierarchy, segmental phonetics, Polish phonetics, Polish vowels
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