Relacje polsko-niemieckie w Unii Europejskiej i NATO na początku XXI w. Próba bilansu

Janusz Józef Węc

Abstrakt

The article focuses on Polish-German relations in the European Union and NATO since Poland’s accession to these two international organizations. The futher analysis confi rms the introductory research hypothesis that both Polish-German bilateral relations, as well as these relations in the European (EU) and Transatlantic (NATO) dimension appear to be positive. On the other hand, real spheres of confl ict have appeared in both of these areas, related to differences in the national interests of both countries, different political priorities or the opposite interpretation of historical events. In the European Union such confl ict spheres were the reform of the political system of the European Union, Eastern Partnership and the common energy policy of the EU. As regards NATO, the confl ict of interests between Poland and Germany concerned the war in Iraq, the dispute over the US missile defense system as well as the Ukrainian crisis. The analysis also showed that in many matters concerning the European Union (eg. the Eastern Partnership, common energy policy, energy security) the positions of Germany and Poland were and still are the result of the relationship of these two countries with Russia. On the other hand, a different approach of Poland and Germany to their relations with the United States resulted in differences in the views of the governments of both countries towards transatlantic cooperation (eg. the war in Iraq, missile defense system).

Słowa kluczowe: the European Union, NATO, the Iraq confl ict, the confl ict in the Ukraine, reform of the political system of the European Union, systemic reform of the Eurozone, debt crisis in the Eurozone, missile defense system, the European Union’s Eastern Partnership, energy security of the European Union