From Altneuland to Neuland. Re-Interpretation of Jewish/Israeli Identity in Modern Hebrew Literature

Daria Boniecka-Stępień

Abstrakt

In 1902, Teodor Hertzl, a prominent Jewish thinker and founder of political Zionism, published a utopian novel entitled Altneuland, in which he envisioned, based on ideas of egalitarianism, modern Jewish society in Palestine. In 2011, more than a hundred years after the utopia of Hertzl was published, the contemporary Israeli writer Eshkol Nevo, in a way referring to the book of the Zionist ideologist, wrote a moving Israeli family saga entitled Neuland. Since the establishment of the State of Israel, Israeli literature has developed, expressing the experiences and expectations of the young society. Modern Israeli literature developed from realism and a strong Zionist character, through revaluation of the Zionist myth up to the representatives of postmodernism focusing on the personal experiences of the protagonists, detached from the socio-political reality. Modern Israeli literature and in particular Eshkol Nevo’s novel, propose new approaches to literature in general and to Jewish and Israeli identity in particular. 

Słowa kluczowe: Israeli literature, Teodor Hertzl, Eshkol Nevo, Israel, modern Israeli identity
References

Sources

Hertzl, T. (1902), Altneuland, Hofenberg.

Hertzl, T. (1896), The Jewish State, Austria.

Nevo, E. (2011), Neuland, Jerusalem.

Literature

Adivi-Shoshan, E. (2013), Olam hadash ve-tov ani ‘eten leha: Al ha-sefer Neuland me-‘et Eshkol Nevo [I will give you a new and good world: About Neuland by Eshkol Nevo], Ha-Hinuh ve-svivo, vol. 35: 317–326.

Oren, Y., (2009), Kitzur toldot ha-sifrut ha-israelit [A short history of Israeli].

Schwartz, Y. (2014a), The Zionist Paradox. Hebrew Literature and Israeli Identity, Waltham, Massachusetts.

Schwartz, Y. (2014b), Ha-Ashkenazim. Ha-merkaz neged ha-mizrah (The Ashkenazim. Center against the East), Bar Ilan.

Internet sources

Literature, Ma’amakim 22 (3/09), at: http://www.daat.ac.il/daat/ktav_et/maamar.asp?ktavet=1&id=692 (Accessed: 8 December 2018).

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