The East Galician Zionist Federation and the Polish Governments of 1922–1926

Nadia Skokova


The fledgling processes of the single-state governmental system of the reborn Polish state in 1920 were intended to deal with many current challenges and historical backgrounds. The article analyses the causes and different contexts and conditions which were forged to initiate the Polish-Jewish negotiations of 1925. The primary attention is focused on the solutions to the economic crisis and its consequences. Also, we consider the in-house situation between different factions in the Jewish Club to better understand all the pros and cons that made the future agreements possible. To provide such analysis of the Polish-Jewish negotiations, we use the Rogers Brubaker’s nationalising  approach, which lets us examine the interactions between the Polish state nationalismand the nationalism of East Galician Zionists. We also apply multiple situational analysis to investigate the ample variety of reasons behind those negotiations. This approach allowed us to consider the 1925 Agreement in the broad geopolitical context in which both sides were interested.

Słowa kluczowe: state nationalism, national minority nationalism, economic crisis, political discourse, Galician Zionist

Primary sources


Fond 338, desc.1, case15 (1923) Protokó łposiedzienia Komitetu Wykonawczego.

Fond 338, desc.1,case 75 (1926–1932) Sprawozdanie.


Sign. A14/3 “Dr. Leon Reich Resigns from Presidency of Club of Jewish Deputies” The Day February 5, 1926; Letter from S.C. Lamport to Leon Reich, June 26, 1925; Marion Weinstein “Dr. Leon Reich, Jewish Statesman, Here on First Visit to America” The Day October 11, 1925; Telegram z Kołomyi do posła Leona Reicha Central.

Sign. A14/22 Telegram z Nowego Jorku do Leona Reicha.


Chwila 1922, 1924, 1925, 1927, 1929.

Secondary sources

Brubaker, R. (1996), Nationalism Reframed, Cambridge.

Evidence of Pogroms in Poland and Ukraine: Documents, Accounts of Eyewitnesses, Proceedings in Polish Parliament, Local Press Reports, etc, (1919?), New York: Information Bureau of the Committee for the Defense of Jews in Poland and Other East European Countries affiliated with American Jewish Congress.

Jaworski, W. (2002), Syjoniści wobec rządu polskiego w okresie międzywojennym, Sosnowiec.

Mendelsohn, E. (1982), Zionism in Poland: The Formative Years. 1915–1926, New Haven.

Parafianowicz, H. (2014), Hugh S. Gibson’s Diplomatic Service in Poland after the First World War, Białostockie Teki Historyczne 12: 159–173.

Polonsky, A. (1972), Politics in Independent Poland, Oxford.

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