„Indyjski pielgrzym”. Polityczne podróże Subhasa Chandry Bosego (1897–1945?)

Oskar Myszor

Abstrakt

The purpose of this article is to present the history of foreign travels of Subhas Chandra Bose (beng. Śubhāṣ Ćôndra Bôśu), a prominent activist of the Indian independence movement in the interwar period and during World War II, with particular attention to his wandering undertaken in order to gain support for the struggle for India’s independence. Bose spent almost ¼ of his 48-year life abroad, with more than eight years in Europe, and two in Japan-occupied East Asia. Bose is a figure virtually unknown in Polish historiography; that is why I try to sketch his biography. Early western biographies of Subhas showed him in a negative or dismissive light. On the other hand, in India a large number of biographies were written in a hagiographical spirit, describing Bose as a martyr killed for the freedom of India, or considering his activity in the context of alternative history. In the last two decades, however, quite a few works depicting him in a more objective way were created. Most publications on Bose focus on his activities during World War II, i.e. on his stay in Germany and Italy in the the period of 1941–1943, and on his return to East Asia and leadership over the Indian National Army (INA) alongside Japan in the period of 1943–1945. Also a big part of this text is devoted to that time, but first of all I would like to introduce a less well known period of several years (with breaks) when Bose stayed in Europe (including a visit to Poland) in the 1930s, which seriously affected the final shaping of his views and political agenda.

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