Lojalność społeczeństwa polskiego a konsolidacja władzy państwowej w latach 1956–1980

Piotr Koprowski

Abstrakt

The loyalty of Polish society and the consolidation of state power in 1956–1980

The article introduces several comments and reflections on the tensions between the state power and society in People’s Poland in 1956–1980, in the context of the consolidation of power and loyalty of society. During this period, the party and state authorities, wishing to maximally consolidate their power, did everything to achieve the ability and readiness to use all means necessary to control social behavior, to maintain the loyalty of society. It required total ideological unity of the party political elite and iron discipline in the functioning of its institutions. Such a strategy did not prevent social outbreaks. The emerging protests meant above all a real loss of control over society, social disorganization. Wishing to enjoy the loyalty of a society devoid of political alternatives, in other words its tacit consent, it would have to provide it with a certain level of living conditions. However, this task was very difficult, if at all possible, to be implemented in the realities of the centrally planned economy.

Słowa kluczowe: społeczeństwo, kierownictwo partyjno‑państwowe, niezadowolenie społeczne, lojalność, konsolidacja władzy