Reakcje społeczne na pierwszą pandemię cholery w carskiej Rosji na podstawie przeglądu prasy i dokumentów z epoki (XIX w.)

Zbigniew Landowski

Abstrakt

Social reactions to the first cholera pandemic in Tsarist Russia on the basis of a review of the contemporary press and documents (XIXth century)

This article presents the social context of the cholera epidemic in 1830 in Tsarist Russia, focusing on the reaction of the authorities, including imposed restrictions, as well as social reactions to the disease itself, along with official restrictions, embracing extreme forms of social protests, the so-called “Cholera Riots”. There are also descriptions of medical recommendations, prophylaxis, and the then recommended methods of treating cholera, the position and activities of the church and the role of the media via the example of the daily newspaper Сѣверная пчела.

Słowa kluczowe: epidemia, cholera, umieralność, bunty choleryczne, cerkiew, Filaret (Drozdow), fumigacje, wózki choleryczne, osadnicy wojskowi