Patterns of Cooperation and Non-Cooperation – the Case of Polish Immigrant Organisations in Germany

Michał Nowosielski


The article aims to investigate the cooperation patterns characteristic of Polish immigrant organisations in Germany. A situation analysis suggests a relatively broad collaborative network, with more than 100 Polish immigrant organisations in existence. However, the practice of the organisations’ functioning shows that, in fact, PIOs often function in a kind of organisational vacuum. They cannot nor do not want to cooperate with a large group of potential partners. In the article, we will also try to justify this state of affairs and find the barriers that limit the possibilities of cooperation of Polish immigrant organisations in Germany.

Słowa kluczowe: immigrant organisations, migration, diaspora, cooperation, conflict, intra-organisational cooperation

Destatis. (2021a). Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit Ausländische Bevölkerung Ergebnisse des Ausländerzentralregisters 2020. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt.

Destatis. (2021b). Bevölkerung und Erwerbstätigkeit Bevölkerung mit Migrationshintergrund – Ergebnisse des Mikrozensus 2020. Wiesbaden: Statistisches Bundesamt.

Dietz, B. (2006). Aussiedler in Germany: From Smooth Adaptation to Tough Integration. In L. Lucassen, D. Feldman, & J. Oltmer (Eds.), Paths of Integration, 116–136). Amsterdam: Amsterdam University Press.

Doerfel, M. L., & Taylor, M. (2004). Network dynamics of interorganizational cooperation: The Croatian civil society movement. Communication Monographs, 71(4), 373–394.

Farrell, H., & Heritier, A. (2002). Interorganizational Cooperation and Intraorganizational Power: Early Agreements Under Codecision and Their Impact on the Parliament and the Council (SSRN Scholarly Paper ID 327183). Social Science Research Network.

Gazley, B. (2008). Intersectoral Collaboration and the Motivation to Collaborate: Toward an Integrated Theory. In Bingham, L.B., O’Leary, R., (eds.) Big Ideas in Collaborative Public Management, 36–54. New York: Routledge.

Hayoz, N. (2010). Power, Democracy and Informality in Eastern Europe: on the Persistence of the Old Power Structures in Politics. In Ruegg F., Boscoboinik, A. (eds.). From Palermo to Penang / De Palerme à Penang: A Journey into Political Anthropology, 223–41. Wien: LI T Verlag, Hofmann, H.-J. (1994). Ethnic Germans (Aussiedler) from eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union in Germany: Aussiedler migration to Germany. Migration World Magazine, 22(1), 12–15.

Loew, P. O. (2014). Wir Unsichtbaren: Geschichte der Polen in Deutschland. München: C. H. Beck Verlag.

Patterns of Cooperation and Non-Cooperation – the Case of Polish Immigrant Organisations in Germany

Moya, J. C. (2005). Immigrants and Associations: A Global and Historical Perspective. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 31(5), 833–64.

Nagel, S. (2009). Zwischen zwei Welten. Kulturelle Strukturen der polnischsprachigen Bevölkerung in Deutschland: Analyse und Empfehlungen. Stuttgart: Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen.

Nowosielski, M. (2012). Polish organisations in Germany: Their present status and needs. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.

Nowosielski, M. (2016). Polskie organizacje w Niemczech. Stan i uwarunkowania. Poznań: Instytut Zachodni.

Nowosielski, M., Dzięglewski, M. (2021). Polskie organizacje imigranckie w Europie. W poszukiwaniu nowego modelu. Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.

Praszałowicz, D. (2010). Polacy w Berlinie: strumienie migracyjne i społeczności imigracyjne: przegląd badań. Kraków: Księgarnia Akademicka.

Rodriguez-Fraticelli, C., Sanabria, C., & Tirado, A. (1991). Puerto Rican non-profit organisations in New York City. In H. E. Gallegos & M. O’Neill (Eds.), Hispanics in the Non-Profit Sector, 33–48. New York: The Foundation Center.

Schermerhorn, J. R. (1975). Determinants of Interorganizational Cooperation. Academy of Management Journal, 18(4), 846–856.

Smith, K. G., Carroll, S. J., & Ashford, S. J. (1995). Intra- and Interorganizational Cooperation: Toward a Research Agenda. Academy of Management Journal, 38(1), 7–23.

Stola, D. (2010). Kraj bez wyjścia? Migracje z Polski 1949–1989. Instytut Pamięci Narodowej, Warszawa: Instytut Studiów Politycznych PAN.

Szczepaniak-Kroll, A. (2020). Polacy w Berlinie (1980–2015): między integracją a zachowaniem tożsamości. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Instytutu Archeologii i Etnologii Polskiej Akademii Nauk.

Vlaar, P. W. L., Van den Bosch, F. A. J., & Volberda, H. W. (2007). On the Evolution of Trust, Distrust, and Formal Coordination and Control in Interorganizational Relationships: Toward an Integrative Framework. Group & Organization Management, 32(4), 407–428.

Yu, S.-H., & Chen, M.-Y. (2013). Performance impacts of interorganizational cooperation: A transaction cost perspective. The Service Industries Journal, 33(13–14), 1223–1241.

Zbuchea, A., Petropoulos, S., & Partyka, B. (2018). Nonprofit Organisations and the Sharing Economy: An Exploratory Study of the Umbrella Organizations. In E.-M. Vătămănescu

& F. M. Pînzaru (Eds.), Knowledge Management in the Sharing Economy: Cross-Sectoral Insights into the Future of Competitive Advantage, 95–114. Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Kwartalnik ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.
Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie.