The Responses of Religious Communities to Migration and the Transformation of a Quasi-Monopolistic Religious Market

Dobrosława Wiktor-Mach,

Patrycja Trzeszczyńska,

Konrad Pędziwiatr

Abstrakt

This article investigates links between religion and migration processes through a study of religious communities’ approaches towards migrants. Drawing from the religious economy perspective, the paper explores the under-researched topic of the role of migration in the dynamics of a religious field in the context of Central and Eastern Europe. The qualitative research performed in 2020 in Krakow – one of the key destinations for migrants in Poland – confirms the claims of religious economy that monopolists and quasi-monopolists are usually more reluctant to adapt to social changes. On the other hand, less-privileged but entrepreneurial religious communities are more aware of migrants’ situation, and respond to their needs in the following ways: 1) providing cosmopolitan “temporary homes”; 2) bridging cultures; 3) setting up ethno-cultural service hubs. We argue that these kinds of engagements have significant implications for the dynamics inside the religious market.

* The research behind this article was funded by the Krakow University of Economics within the project POTENCJAŁ no 32/GPM/2021/POT.

Słowa kluczowe: sociology of religion, religious market, migration, religious diversity, Poland, socjologia religii, rynek religijny, migracje, różnorodność religijna, Polska
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