Problem relacji płciowych w mitach australijskich – zasada matrioszki

Andrzej Szyjewski

Abstrakt

The Issue of Sex Relations in Australian Myths – the “Matryoshka Principle”

This paper discusses the ambiguity of sex identity within Aboriginal mythology. Male/female relations are the main point of the well-known Wawilag Sisters myth from Arnhem Land, based on a series of equivalent mythical unions: the penis in the vagina (male in female) ≡the serpent in the hut (male in female) ≡Wawilag sisters pregnancy (male in female) ≡Wawilag sisters devoured by the serpent (female in male) ≡subincised penis (female in male). The effect of such equivalencies may be compared to a “matryoshka”doll: the male (child) is in the female (sisters) which is in the male (serpent), which in a way also renders the male symbols female (this is why the serpent is called “pregnant”). The basis of such a construction may be understood as the creation of a series of transformations male>female>male>female etc., which eventually leads to realisation of the exchange of female with male blood; their equipoise is necessary for initiation ceremonies.

Słowa kluczowe: Aborygeni australijscy, mitologia, Matka Płodności, Tęczowy Wąż, relacje płciowe, warkotka, inicjacja, symbolika płci, Australian Aborigines, mythology, Fertility Mother, Rainbow Serpent, gender relations, bull-roarer, initiation, gender symbols

Kwartalnik "Studia Religiologica" ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w Internecie.