Australijskie ceremonie ognia. Ogień w religii Warlpiri

Andrzej Szyjewski


Australian Fire Ceremonies. Fire in the Warlpiri Religion

During fire ceremonies in various Australian communities, long torches constructed from poles wrapped in flammable leaves are used. For the Warlpiri, their significance is associated with the symbolism of fire, contrasted with water represented by the form of the rainbow serpent. The founding myths of the ceremony are based on using fire to limit the power of water by way of bloodshed. Various forms of the use of fire and the connected symbolism for the Warlpiri point to reference to dancers, and the torches they hold to the Milky Way (Yiwarra). The main symbol of this in the ritual is a sacred construction in the form of a cross, known as wanigi.

Słowa kluczowe: Aborygeni australijscy, ceremonia ognia, mit, rytuał, Droga Mleczna, symbolika ognia, Tęczowy Wąż, inicjacja, Warlpiri , Australian Aborigines, fire ceremony, myth, ritual, Milky Way, fire symbolism, Rainbow Serpent, initiation

Berndt R.M., Kunapipi; Study of an Australian Aboriginal Cult, Melbourne 1951.

Capell A., Wailbri Through in Their Own Eyes, „Oceania” 1952–1953, nr 23, s. 110–132.

Curran G., Contemporary Ritual Practice in an Aboriginal Settlement; The Warlpiri Kurdiji Ceremony, Canberra 2010 [nieopublikowana praca doktorska].

Dussart F., The Politics of Ritual in an Aboriginal Settlement; Kinship, Gender and the Currency of Knowledge, Washington–London 2000.

Glowczewski B., The Desert Dreamers, [dostęp: 10.09.2013]

Hill B., Broken Song; T.G.H. Strehlow and Aboriginal possession, Sydney 2002.

Layton R., Australian Rock Art; New Synthesis, Cambridge 1992.

Meggitt M.J., Desert People; Study of the Walbiri Aborigines of Central Australia, Chicago 1965.

Meggitt M.J., Gadjari among the Walbiri Aborigines of Central Australia1, „Oceania” 1966, vol. 36, nr 3, s. 173–213.

Meggitt M.J., Gadjari among the Walbiri Aborigines of Central Australia2, „Oceania” 1966, vol. 36, nr 4, s. 283–315.

Meggitt M.J., Gadjari among the Walbiri Aborigines of Central Australia3, „Oceania” 1966, vol. 37, nr 1, s. 22–38.

Meggitt M.J., Gadjari among the Walbiri Aborigines of Central Australia4, „Oceania” 1966, vol 37, nr 2, s. 124–147.

Mountford C.P., Winbaraku and the myth of Jarapiri, Sydney 1968.

Peterson N., Totemism Yesterday; Sentiment and Local Organisation Among the Australian Aborigines, „Man” 1972, nr 1, s. 12–32.

Peterson N., Winbaraku and the myth of Jarapiri by C.P. Mountford, „Journal of Polynesian Society” 1969, vol. 78, nr 1, s. 141–142.

Wild S.A., Men as Women: Female Dance Symbolism in Walbiri Men’s Rituals, „Dance Research Journal” 1977, vol. 10, nr 1, s. 14–22.

Kwartalnik "Studia Religiologica" ukazuje się w sposób ciągły on-line.

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w Internecie.