Dlaczego krytyka etyczna nie może być łatwa? (przeł. Jakub Czernik)

Robert K. Booth,

Jakub Czernik

Abstrakt

Why can’t ethical criticism be easy?

The article attempts to defend ethical criticism against opponents who consider that textual analysis cannot take into consideration ethical issues, and makes an effort to prove that not all ways of speaking about ethics and literature have anything to do with ethical criticism. In spite of different approaches to the issue of ethical criticism, the existence of the “ethical power of art” is undeniable. Although the above fact is quite obvious and universally recognized, literature scholars in most cases do not wish to deal with this aspect of literature. As different genres and different types of literary texts incite to the formulation of ethical judgments, arguments and contentions concerning ethical issues may only be solved by critical pluralism.

References

Booth W.C., The Company We Keep: An Ethics of Fiction, Berkeley 1988.

Booth W.C., The Ethics of Forms: Taking Flight with „The Wings of Dove” [w:] Understanding Narrative, red. J. Phelan, P.J. Rabinowitz, Columbus 1994, s. 99–135.

Booth W.C., Of the Standard of Moral Taste: Literary Criticism as Moral Inquiry [w:] In Face of the Facts: Moral Inquiry in American Scholarship, red. R. Wightman Fox, R.B. Westbrook, New York 1998, s. 149–180.

Booth W.C., The Rhetoric of Fiction, Chicago 1983.

Booth W.C., What Does It Take to Make a New Literary Species?, „Hypotheses: Neo-Aristotelian Analysis” 1995, nr 15, s. 11–12.

Calisher H., Portrait of a Pseudonym, „American Scholar” 1998, nr 67, s. 53–61.

Critics and Criticism, Ancient and Modern, red. R.S. Crane, Chicago 1952.

Empson W., Seven Types of Ambiguity, New York 1966.

Nussbaum M.C., Love’s Knowledge: Essays on Philosophy and Literature, New York 1990.

Pippin R.B., Henry James and Modern Moral Life, New York 2000.

Richter D., Fable’s End: Completeness and Closure in Rhetorical Fiction, Chicago 1974.

Sacks S., Fiction and the Shape of Belief: A Study of Henry Fielding with Glances at Swift, Johnson and Richardson, Berkeley 1964.

Singer M., What Are You Afraid Of? Terror Is Stephen King’s Medium, But It’s Not the Only Reason He’s So Popular – and So Frightening, „New Yorker”, 7 września 1998, s. 56–67.

Steiner W., The Scandal of Pleasure, Chicago 1995.

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