„Szlachetny złoczyńca” i „spółczesne wypadki”, czyli romantyzm i polityka w teatrze muzycznym XX wieku (wokół „Śmierci Klinghoffera” Johna Adamsa)

Iwona Puchalska

Abstrakt

The “noble knave” and “present occurrences,” i.e., romanticism and politics in the musical theatre of the 20th century (around The Death of Klinghoff er by John Adams)

The article analyzes the specifi c character of The Death of Klinghoff er as a collective work with strong political connotations, as well as the controversies around its performances, from the perspective of the evolution of opera theatre poetics. The main reference point is the tradition of the Romantic theatre, with special emphasis on two novelties introduced within that tradition: using contemporary history as material for dramatic elaboration, and giving the voice to negative characters and presenting their arguments as equally important within the dramatic structure. Romanticism, in the name of a right to an individualized vision of the world, held the truth of art beyond the truth of facts, just like it went beyond the traditional axiology and morality in search for a true nobleness of spirit (by e.g. creating the type of a “noble knave”). This, in turn, led to seeing art as a realm of myth, which even if genetically connected to real events, had lost this relation long ago and opened a possibility to interpret them freely and out of context. The case of The Death of Klinghoff er shows that even if such assumptions have already been accepted in theory of drama, the artistic practice still regards them as problematic..
 

Słowa kluczowe: Śmierć Klinghoffera, opera, romantyzm, sztuka i polityka
References

Książki i artykuły:

Bohn M.K., The Achille Lauro Hijacking, Lessons in the Politics and Prejudice of Terrorism, Washington DC, 2004 W.E. Smith, Terrorism. The Voyage of the Achille Lauro, „Time” 21.09.1985, http://content.time.com/time/sucriber/article/0,33009,960163-1,00.html.

Cahill S., Grand Pianola Music [w:] T. May, The John Adams Reader. Essential Writings on an American Composer, New Jersey 2006, s. 89–90.

Feuchtner B., The Klinghoffer Debate[w:] T. May, The John Adams Reader. Essential Writings on an American Composer, New Jersey 2006, s. 299–300.

Giuliani R., Why I Protested ‘The Death of Klinghoffer’, „The Daily Beast”, 21.10.2014,http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/10/20/rudy-giuliani-why-i-protested-the-death-of-klinghoffer.html.

Kozinn A., Klinghoffer Daughters Protest Opera, „The New York Times”, 11.09.1991,http://www.nytimes.com/1991/09/11/arts/klinghoffer-daughters-protest-opera.html..

Lelong S., Nouvelle musique. À la decouverte de 24 compositeurs, Paris 1996.

Machart R., John Adams,  Paris 2004.

May T., Creating Context: Peter Sellars on Working with Adams[w:] T. May, The John Adams Reader. Essential Writings on an American Composer, New Jersey 2006, s. 238–248.

Rile K., „The Death of Klinghofer”: the John Adams’Opera Sparks Protest at the Met, http://daily.jstor.org/the-death-of-klinghoffer-john-adams-opera-sparks-protest-at-the-met/.

Rockwell J., From the Episode of Terrorism. Adams’s „Death of Klinghoffer” [w:] T. May, The John Adams Reader. Essential Writings on an American Composer, New Jersey 2006, s. 313–316.

Rose J., 30 Years After Their Father’s Murder, Klinghoffer Daughters Step Onto Their Own Stage,http://www.npr.org/sections/deceptivecadence/2015/10/08/446974565/30-years-after-their-fathers-murder-klinghoffer-daughters-step-onto-their-own-st.

Rothstein E., Seeking Symetry Between Palestinians and Jews [w:] T. May, The John Adams Reader. Essential Writings on an American Composer, New Jersey 2006, s. 317–320.

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Strony internetowe:

http://metopera.org/PageFiles/41061/Oct%2020%20Klinghoffer.pdf

http://www.adl.org/israel-international/israel-middle-east/content/backgroundersarticles/the-klinghoffer-family-reacts-to-death-of-klinghoffer-opera.htmlhttp:/www.adl.org/israel-international/israel-middle-east/content/backgroundersarticles/the-klinghoffer-family-reacts-to-death-of-klinghoffer-opera.html#.V6rzGluLSW-

http://forward.com/opinion/207587/klinghoffer-is-an-insult-to-our-father-s-m/?attribution=author-article-listing-1-headline

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c81s3FwSaaY.

https://www.y.com/watch?v=2zvVZY3Dhb4

http://www.theguardian.com/music/2012/jan/29/alice-goodman-death-klinghoffer-interview

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c81s3FwSaaY

http://www.boosey.com/downloads/KlinghofferLibretto.pdf

http://opera.stanford.edu/iu/libretti/verotel2.html.

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