Zarządzanie mediami elektronicznymi z wykorzystaniem technologii blockchain w komunikacji naukowej

Marek Nahotko

Abstrakt

Electronic Media Management With the Use of Blockchain Technology in Scholarly Communication

Blockchain is a revolutionary technology, which has the potential to fundamentally change many areas of activities, including scientific research and scholarly communication, together with the publishing industry. This paper focuses on the blockchain’s potential to transform scholarly communication and research in general. It highlights, how blockchain can touch many critical aspects of scholarly communication, including transparency, trust, reproducibility and credit. Moreover, blockchain could change the future role of every stakeholder, and it could have an important role in all research processes, not only scholarly communication. The paper shows that blockchain technology has the potential to solve some of the most prominent issues the scholarly communication is currently facing, such as issues around costs, trust and credibility, openness, and universal accessibility to scholarly information. The research presents basic information about blockchain technology. Based on the literature, an attempt was made to create a model, how to use this technology as a disruptive innovation in scholarly communication.

Słowa kluczowe: blockchain technology, distributed ledger, scholarly communication, scientific information dissemination, scholarly publishing
References

Andersen J., Lomborg S. (2020). Self-tracking and Metric Codification in Digital Infrastructures for Scholarly Communication. „The Information Society”, 36(1), s. 43‒52.

Bower J., Christensen C. (1995). Disruptive Technologies: Catching the Wave. „Harvard Business Review”, 73(1), s. 43‒53.

Burley R. (2018). Stable and Decentralized? The Promise and Challenge of a Shared Citation Ledger. „Information Services & Use”, 38(3), s. 141‒148.

Casper C. (2016). The Online Research Article and the Ecological Basis of New Digital Genres [w:] A. Gross, J. Buehl (eds.), Science and the Internet: Communicating Knowledge in a Digital Age. New York: Routledge.

Cisek S., Sapa R. (2007). Komunikacja naukowa w Internecie: mity i rzeczywistość [w:] W. Lubaszewski (red.), Komputer – człowiek – prawo. Księga pamiątkowa WZiKS UJ. Kraków: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.

Coelho F., Brandão A. (2019). Decentralising scientific publishing: can the blockchain improve science communication? „Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz”, 114, e190257.

Dennis R., Owen G. (2015). Rep on the Block: A Next Generation Reputation System Based on the Blockchain [w:] 10th International Conference for Internet Technology and Secured Transactions (ICITST), London, 14‒16 December 2015. London: IEEE.

Dillenberger D., Nowotny P., Zhang Q. (2019). Blockchain Analytics and Artificial Intelligence. „IBM Journal of Research and Development”, 63(2‒3), 5.1‒5.14.

Dudek D. (2017). Możliwości wykorzystania technologii Blockchain w obszarze edukacji. „Informatyka Ekonomiczna”, 3(45), s. 55‒65.

Fu M. (2020). Integrated technologies of blockchain and biometrics based on wireless sensor network for library management. „Information Technology and Libraries”, 39(3), s. 1‒13.

Haustein S., Bowman T., Costas R. (2016). Interpreting “Altmetrics”: Viewing Acts on Social Media through the Lens of Citation and Social Theories [w:] C. Sugimoto (ed.), Theories of Informetrics and Scholarly Communication: A Festschrift in Honour of Blaise Cronin. Berlin‒Boston: De Gruyter.

Hughes K. (2017). Blockchain, the Greater Good, and Human and Civil Rights. „Metaphilosophy”, 48(5), s. 654‒665.

Ietto-Gillies G. (2008). A XXI-Century Alternative to XX-Century Peer Review. „Real-World Economics Review”, 45, s. 10‒22.

Ishmaev G. (2017). Blockchain Technology as an Institution of Property. „Metaphilosophy”, 48(5), s. 666‒686.

ISO/IEC 24760-1 (2019). IT Security and Privacy – A Framework for Identity Management – Part 1: Terminology and Concepts.

Janowicz K. i in. (2018). On the Prospects of Blockchain and Distributed Ledger Technologies for Open Science and Academic Publishing. „Journal of Semantic Web”, 9(5), s. 545‒555.

Jaradeh M. i in. (2019). Open Research Knowledge Graph: Towards Machine Actionability in Scholarly Communication [w:] M. Kejriwal, P. Szekely, R. Troncy (eds.), Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Knowledge Capture, K-CAP 2019, Marina del Rey, CA, USA, 19‒21 November. New York: ACM.

Johnson J., Manion S. (2019). Blockchain in Healthcare, Research, and Scientific Publishing. „Medical Writing”, 28(4), s. 10‒13.

Jun M. (2018). Blockchain Government – A Next Form of Infrastructure for the Twenty-First Century. „Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity”, 4(1), art. 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40852-018-0086-3 (dostęp: 17.06.2021).

Kim H., Laskowski M. (2018). Toward an Ontology-Driven Blockchain Design for Supply Chain Provenance. „Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance and Management”, 25(1), s. 18‒27.

Kochalko D. (2019). Making the Unconventional Conventional: How Blockchain Contributes to Reshaping Scholarly Communications. „Information services & Use”, 39(3), s. 199‒204.

Kosmarski A. (2020). Blockchain Adoption in Academia: Promises and Challenges. „Journal of Open Innovation: Technology, Market, and Complexity”, 6(4), art. 117. https://doi. org/10.3390/joitmc6040117 (dostęp: 17.06.2021).

Kosmarski A., Gordiychuk N. (2020). Token-curated Registry in a Scholarly Journal: Can Blockchain Support Journal Communities? „Learned Publishing”, 33(3), s. 333‒339.

Lakoff G., Johnson M. (2011). Metafory w naszym życiu. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN.

van Lier B. (2017). Can Cyber-Physical Systems Reliably Collaborate within a Blockchain? „Metaphilosophy”, 48(5), s. 698‒711.

Liu L., Gee H. (2017). Determining Whether Commercial Publishers Overcharge Libraries for Scholarly Journals in the Fields of Science, Technology, and Medicine, with Semilogarithmic Econometric Model. „Library Quarterly”, 87(2), s. 150‒172.

Mackey T., Shah N., Miyachi K., Short J. Clauson K. (2019). A Framework Proposal for Blockchain-Based Scientific Publishing Using Shared Governance. „Frontiers in Blockchain”, 2, art. 19.

Markowski K. (2019). Kryptowaluty. Powstanie – typologia – charakterystyka. „Civitas et Lex”, 23(3), s. 69‒82.

Nakamoto S. (2008). Bitcoin: a Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash System. https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin. pdf (dostęp: 17.06.2021).

Nierenberg B. (2013). Zarządzania mediami – koncepcje i metody badawcze. „Współczesne Zarządzanie”, 12(2), s. 41‒47.

Niya S., Pelloni L., Wullschleger S., Schaufelbühl A., Bocek T., Rajendran L., Stiller B. (2019). A Blockchain-Based Scientific Platform [w:] 1st IEEE Intern. Conference on Blockchain and Cryptocurrency (ICBC). Seoul, 14‒17 May 2019. New York: IEEE.

Noorden R. (2014). Global Scientific Output Doubles Every Nine Years. Nature news blog, 7.05.2014, http://blogs.nature.com/news/2014/05/global-scientific-output-doubles-every-nine-years.html (dostęp: 17.06.2021).

Novotny P., Zhang Qi, Hull R., Baset S., Jim Laredo J., Vaculin R., Ford D., Dillenberger D. (2018). Permissioned Blockchain Technologies for Academic Publishing. „Information Services & Use”, 38(3), s. 159‒171.

Owen J. M. (2007). The Scientific Article in the Age of Digitization. Dordrecht: Springer Verlag.

Prosser D. (2003). Scholarly Communication in the 21st Century – the Impact of New Technologies and Models. „Serials”, 16(2), s. 163‒167.

Raynard M. (2017). Understanding Academic E-Books through the Diffusion of Innovations Theory as a Basis for Developing Effective Marketing and Educational Strategies. „Journal of Academic Librarianship”, 43(1), s. 82‒86.

Rayner S. (2019). Academic Publishing [w:] A. Phillips, M. Bhaskar (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Publishing. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Rossum J. (2017). Blockchain for Research. Perspectives on a New Paradigm for Scholarly Communication. London: Digital Science.

Rubel D. (2019). No Need to Ask: Creating Permissionless Blockchains of Metadata Records. „Information Technology and Libraries”, 38(2), s. 11‒17.

Sfetcu N. (2019). Philosophy of Blockchain Technology: Ontologies. Drobeta-Turnu Severin: MultiMedia Publishing.

Sompel H. van de, Payette S., Erickson J., Lagoze C., Warner S. (2004). Rethinking Scholarly Communication: Building the System That Scholars Deserve. „D-Lib Magazine”, 10(9), http//www.dlib.org/dlib/september04/vandesompel/09vandesompel.html (dostęp: 17.06.2021).

Swan M., de Filippi P. (2017). Toward a Philosophy of Blockchain: A Symposium. „Metaphilo-sophy”, 48(5), s. 603‒619.

Tarkhanov I., Fomin-Nilov D., Fomin M. (2021). Crypto Access: Is It Possible to Use Cryptocurrencies in Scholarly Periodicals? „Learned Publishing”, 34(2), s. 253‒261.

Velasco P. (2017). Computing Ledgers and the Political Ontology of the Blockchain. „Metaphilosophy”, 48(5), s. 712‒726.

Zheng Z. i in. (2018). Blockchain Challenges and Opportunities: A Survey. „International Journal of Web and Grid Services”, 14(4), s. 352‒375.

Zyskind G., Oz N., Pentland, A (2016). Decentralizing Privacy: Using Blockchain to Protect Personal Data [w:] IEEE CS Security and Privacy Workshop (SPW). 21‒22 May 2015. San Jose, CA: IEEE.