Stanowisko Komitetu Zdrowia Publicznego Polskiej Akademii Nauk w sprawie szczepień przeciw COVID-19

Włodzimierz Cezary Włodarczyk,

Grzegorz Juszczyk,

Tomasz Zdrojewski,

Wojciech Hanke,

Bolesław Samoliński,

Bogdan Wojtyniak

Abstrakt

The Resolution of Public Health Committee Polish Academy of Science on Vaccination against COVID-19

Public health community worldwide encouraged by successes of former campaigns have always accepted vaccination as the most effective way to handle infectious diseases pandemics. Even before the outburst of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic in many countries mandatory vaccination against many diseases, especially child related had been implemented. From among 193 countries under study in as many as 105 (54%) such obligation existed and in 62 of them (59%) at least one form of punishment or harm for those opposing was involved. Following this sort of available solutions and facing COVID-19 pandemic disaster the authors on behalf of the Public Health Committee of the Polish Academy of Science recommend to the government implementation od mandatory vaccination against COVID-19 for all workers in sectors of health care, education and welfare.

Słowa kluczowe: COVID-19, obowiązkowe szczepienia, pandemia, Polska Akademia Nauk, szczepienia
References

1. World Health Organization, The Vaccines Success Story Gives Us Hope for the Future, July 14, 2020, https://www.who.int/news-room/feature-stories/detail/the-vaccines-success-story-gives-us-hope-for-the-future (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

2. World Health Organization, Target Product Profiles for COVID-19 Vaccines, April 29, 2020,

3. https://cdn.who.int/media/docs/default-source/blue-print/who-target-product-profiles-for-covid-19-vaccines.pdf?sfvrsn=1d5da7ca_5 (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

4. Detmer W.M., Coronavirus COVID-19 Vaccines, Unbound Medicine, May 11, 2021, https://relief.unboundmedicine.com/relief/view/Coronavirus-Guidelines/2355056/all/Coronavirus_COVID_19_Vaccines (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

5. World Health Organization, COVID-19 Advice for the Public: Getting Vaccinated, 2021, https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/covid-19-vaccines/advice (dostęp: 2.06.2021).

6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Interim Estimates of Vaccine Effectiveness of BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 COVID-19 Vaccines in Preventing SARSCoV-2 Infection Among Health Care Personnel, First Responders, and Other Essential and Frontline Workers — Eight U.S. Locations, December 2020–March 2021, April 2, 2021, https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/70/wr/mm7013e3.htm?s_cid=mm7013e3_w (dostęp: 2.07.2021).

7. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Largest CDC COVID-19 Vaccine Effectiveness Study in Health Workers Shows mRNA Vaccines 94% Effective, May 14, 2021, https://www.cdc.gov/media/releases/2021/p0514-covid-19-vaccine-effectiveness.html (dostęp: 8.06.2021).

8. Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, COVID-19 Vaccine Efficacy Summary, May 21, 2021, http://www.healthdata.org/covid/covid-19-vaccine-efficacy-summary(dostęp: 3.06.2021).

9. Clinch M., Ellyatt H., 4 Charts Show how the UK’s Coronavirus Vaccine Rollout is Starting to Work, CNBC, March 3, 2021, https://www.cnbc.com/2021/03/01/coronavirus-uk-charts-show-how-vaccines-are-working.html (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

10. Olliaro P. et al., COVID-19 Vaccine Efficacy and Effectiveness – the Elephant (Not) in the Room, „The Lancet”, April 20, 2021, https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanmic/article/PIIS2666-5247(21)00069-0/fulltext (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

11. Van Beusekom M., Real-World Studies Detail High Pfizer COVID Vaccine Protection, Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy, University of Minnesota, May 7, 2021, https://www.cidrap.umn.edu/news-perspective/2021/05/real-world-studies-detail-high-pfizer-covid-vaccine-protection (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

12. Bernal J.L. et al., Effectiveness of COVID-19 Vaccines against the B.1.617.2 Variant [preprint bez daty], https://khub.net/documents/135939561/430986542/Effectiveness+of+COVID-19+vaccines+against+the+B.1.617.2+-variant.pdf/204c11a4-e02e-11f2-db19-b3664107ac42 (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

13. Carbonaro G., Vaccine Success vs Variants, Italy’s Jabs Milestone: COVID-19 Bulletin, CGTN, May 23, 2021, https://newseu.cgtn.com/news/2021-05-23/Vaccine-success-vs-variants-Italy-s-jabs-milestone-COVID-19-Bulletin-10uYEQ7wXPa/index.html (dostęp: 3.06.2021).

14. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Benefits of Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine, April 12, 2021, https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/vaccine-benefits.html (dostęp: 8.06.2021).

15. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Hospitalized or Fatal COVID-19 Vaccine Breakthrough Cases Reported to CDC as of July 12, 2021, July 15, 2021, https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/covid-19/health-departments/breakthrough-cases.html (dostęp: 17.07.2021).

16. Curley B., COVID-19 Vaccines Are More Than 90% Effective: What That Means, Healthline, April 30, 2021, https://www.healthline.com/health-news/covid-19-vaccines-aremore-than-90-effective-what-that-means (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

17. What are the Benefits of Getting the COVID-19 Vaccine?, Health Care, University of Missouri, 2020, https://www.muhealth.org/our-stories/what-are-benefits-getting-covid-19-vaccine (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

18. Longman M., The COVID-19 Vaccines May Have Some Surprising Benefits, Refinery 29, April 7, 2021, https://www.refinery29.com/en-us/vaccine-benefits-covid-pfizermoderna (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

19. Freeman D. et al., COVID-19 Vaccine Hesitancy in the UK: The Oxford Coronavirus Explanations, Attitudes, and Narratives Survey (Oceans) II, Psychological Medicine by Cambridge University Press, December 11, 2020, https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/psychological-medicine/article/covid19-vaccine-hesitancy-in-the-uk-the-oxfordcoronavirus-explanations-attitudes-and-narratives-surveyoceans-ii/C30FDB5C3D87123F28E351FDAAD5351A (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

20. Di Gennaro F. et al., Attitudes towards Anti-SARS-CoV2 Vaccination among Healthcare Workers: Results from a National Survey in Italy, „Viruses”, February 26, 2021, https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33652829/ (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

21. Coronavirus (COVID-19) Vaccinations. Willingness to Get Vaccinated against COVID, Our World in Data, April 30, 2021, https://ourworldindata.org/covid-vaccinations (dostęp: 3.06.2021).

22. Ćwiek J., Koronawirus. Sondaż: Więcej zaszczepionych wśród wyborców opozycji, Rzeczpospolita, 13.04.2021, https://www.rp.pl/Covid-19/304129935-Koronawirus-Sondaz-Wiecej-zaszczepionych-wsrod-wyborcow-opozycji.html (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

23. Dąbrowska Z., Ruszyły szczepienia. Duża część Polaków wciąż jednak sceptyczna, Rzeczpospolita, 27.12.2020, https://www.rp.pl/Covid-19/312279965-Ruszyly-szczepienia-Duza-czesc-Polakow-wciaz-jednak-sceptyczna.html (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

24. Apel naukowców i lekarzy w sprawie szczepień na koronawirusa SARS-CoV-2, Ordo Medicus, 30.11.2020, https://ordomedicus.org/apel-naukowcow-i-lekarzy-w-sprawie-szczepien-na-koronawirusa-sars-cov-2/ (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

25. Food and Drug Administration, Emergency Use Authorization for Vaccines Explained, November 20, 2020, https://www.fda.gov/vaccines-blood-biologics/vaccines/emergency-use-authorization-vaccines-explained (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

26. Food and Drug Administration, Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 Vaccine, May 19, 2021, https://www.fda.gov/emergencypreparedness-and-response/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19/pfizer-biontech-covid-19-vaccine (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

27. European Medicines Agency, EMA Recommends First COVID-19 Vaccine for Authorisation in the EU, December 21, 2020, https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/news/emarecommends-first-covid-19-vaccine-authorisation-eu (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

28. European Medicines Agency, COVID-19 Vaccine AstraZeneca: Benefits Still Outweigh the Risks Despite Possible Link to Rare Blood Clots with Low Blood Platelets, March 18, 2021, https://www.ema.europa.eu/en/news/covid-19-vaccine-astrazeneca-benefits-still-outweigh-risks-despite-possible-link-rare-blood-clots (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

29. World Health Organization, Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): Herd Immunity, Lockdowns and COVID-19, December 31, 2020, https://www.who.int/news-room/q-adetail/herd-immunity-lockdowns-and-covid-19 (dostęp: 5.06.2021)

30. World Health Organization, WHO Director-General’s Opening Remarks at the Media Briefing on COVID-19, October 12, 2020, https://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarksat-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---12-october-2020 (dostęp: 6.06.2021).

31. Petri W., Herd Immunity Appears Unlikely for COVID-19, but CDC Says Vaccinated People Can Ditch Masks in Most Settings, The Conversation, May 14, 2021, https://theconversation.com/herd-immunity-appears-unlikely-for-covid-19-but-cdc-says-vaccinated-people-can-ditch-masks-inmost-settings-160228 (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

32. Hoge B., Five Benefits of Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine, The University of Alabama at Birmingham News, May 7, 2021, https://www.uab.edu/news/youcanuse/item/12025-fivebenefits-of-getting-a-covid-19-vaccine (dostęp: 6.06.2021).

33. J.W., Kardiolog: jest szansa, że odporność populacyjna pojawi się w Polsce we wrześniu, Rynek Zdrowia, 30 maja 2021, https://www.rynekzdrowia.pl/Uslugi-medyczne/Kardiolog-jest-szansa-ze-odpornosc-populacyjna-pojawi-sie-w--Polsce-we-wrzesniu,222064,8.html (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

34. Gravagna K. et al., Global Assessment of National Mandatory Vaccination Policies and Consequences of Non-Compliance, „Vaccine” 2020, vol. 38, no. 49, s. 7865–7873, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0264410X20312342?via%3Dihub (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

35. Robertson C., Paying People to Get Vaccinated Might Work – But is it Ethical?, The Conversation, May 19, 2021, https://theconversation.com/paying-people-to-get-vaccinated-mightwork-but-is-it-ethical-160959 (dostęp: 3.06.2021).

36. Dodd S., How to Get Promotions, Prizes and Freebies with your COVID-19 Vaccine, People, May, 18, 2021, https://people.com/health/covid-19-vaccine-freebies-incentivesrewards/(dostęp: 4.06.2021).

37. Krstic Z., All the COVID-19 Vaccine Card Free Treats and Discounts You Can Snag Now, Good Housekeeping, April 30, 2021, https://www.goodhousekeeping.com/life/a36137436/covid-19-vaccine-card-free-deals-discounts/ (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

38. World Health Organization, COVID-19 and Mandatory Vaccination: Ethical Considerations and Caveats, April 13, 2021, https://www.who.int/publications/i/item/WHO-2019-nCoV-Policy-brief-Mandatory-vaccination-2021.1 (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

39. World Health Organization, Interim Position Paper: Considerations Regarding Proof of COVID-19 Vaccination for International Travellers, 2021 (https://www.who.int/newsroom/articles-detail/interim-position-paper-considerationsregarding-proof-of-covid-19-vaccination-for-internationaltravellers). (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

40. Europejska Konwencja Praw Człowieka, Europejski Trybunał Praw Człowieka, https://echr.coe.int/Documents/Convention_POL.pdf (dostęp: 6.06.2021).

41. Komunikat Komisji do Parlamentu Europejskiego, Rady i Europejskiego Banku Inwestycyjnego. Strategia UE dotycząca szczepionek przeciwko COVID-19, Bruksela, 17 czerwca 2020, https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/PL/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52020DC0245&from=EN (dostęp: 8.06.2021).

42. Court’s First Judgment on Compulsory Childhood Vaccination: No Violation of the Convention, The European Court of Human Rights, April 4, 2021, https://hudoc.echr.coe.int/app/conversion/pdf/?library=ECHR&id=003-6989051-9414707&filename=Grand%20Chamber%20judgment%20Vavricka%20and%20Others%20v.%20
Czech%20Republic%20-%20obligation%20to%20vaccinate%20children%20against%20diseases%20that%20were%20well%20known%20to%20medical%20science.pdf (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

43. Liboreiro J., Pitchers Ch., How a Court Ruling Lays the gGound for Mandatory COVID-19 Vaccination, EuroNews, April 22/, 2021, https://www.euronews.com/2021/04/13/how-a-court-ruling-lays-the-ground-for-mandatory-covid-19-vaccination (dostęp: 7.06.2021).

44. Can COVID-19 Vaccines Be Mandatory in the U.S. and Who Decides? School of Public Health Expert Insights. An Interview with Joanne Rosen, Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health, November 17, 2020, https://www.jhsph.edu/covid-19/articles/can-covid-19-vaccines-be-mandatory-in-the-u-s-and-who-decides.html (dostęp: 4.06.2021)

45. National Health Service, England, Guidance to Support COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake in Frontline Staff, March 12, 2021, https://www.england.nhs.uk/coronavirus/wp-content/uploads/sites/52/2021/03/C1195-guidance-on-supporting-covid-19-vaccine-uptakey,-in-staff-v2.pdf (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

46. Wise J., COVID-19: Is the UK Heading Towards Mandatory Vaccination of Healthcare Workers?, BMJ, 2021; https://www.bmj.com/content/373/bmj.n1056 (dostęp: 6.06.2021).

47. Giubilini A., Jain V., Should COVID-19 Vaccines Be Mandatory? Two Experts Discuss, The Conversation. November 25, 2020, https://theconversation.com/should-covid-19-vaccines-be-mandatory-two-experts-discuss-150322 (dostęp: 4.06.2021).

48. Broughton C., Covid-19 Vaccine Should be Mandatory for Health Workers, Expert Says, Stuff, May 8, 2021, https://www.stuff.co.nz/national/health/coronavirus/125035281/covid19-vaccine-should-be-mandatory-for-health-workers-expert-says (dostęp: 3.06.2021).

49. Paterlini M., COVID-19: Italy Makes Vaccination Mandatory for Healthcare Workers, BMJ, 2021, https://www.bmj.com/content/373/bmj.n905?ijkey=400c5cd61d426585e-0b86546e9b53f35461a9341&keytype2=tf_ipsecsha (dostęp: 5.06.2021).

50. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, COVID-19 Vaccination for Essential Workers, May 25, 2021, https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/vaccines/recommendations/essentialworker.html (dostęp: 7.06.2021).