Patterns of Physical Activity and Multiple Risk Behaviour in Adolescents from Visegrad Countries

Joanna Mazur,

Anna Kowalewska,

Tibor Baska,

Erik Sigmund,

Hanna Nałęcz,

Agnes Nemeth,

Dorota Zawadzka

Abstrakt
The aim of this paper is to present the patterns of the health behaviour in adolescents from Visegrad countries (Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Slovakia). The data concerning 5,588 15-year-old students were used, surveyed during the 2009/10 school year within HBSC study (Health Behaviour in School-aged Children). Five clusters with different behaviour patterns were found. The most positive model (high level of physical activity and a low level of risk behaviours) was found in 35.6% of adolescents from those countries. However, in 26.7%, relatively high physical activity co-exists with a high or very high level of risk behaviours. In all the countries, more negative models can be found in poor families and students with poor academic achievements. Adolescents categorised into more positive behaviour patterns are more satisfied with their lives. Members of different clusters should be approached with different prevention programmes, taken into account the specifics of each country.
Słowa kluczowe: aktywność fizyczna, młodzież, porównania międzynarodowe, substancje psychoaktywne, wzory zachowań
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