Spór o The Death of Klinghoffer Johna Adamsa. Opera w opiniikrytyków muzycznych

Maryla Zając


The dispute about The Death of Klinghoffer by John Adams. The opera in the opinion of music critics

In October 1985, several members of the Palestine Liberation Front hijacked the cruise ship Achille Lauro during its Mediterranean cruise. After the surrender of the terrorists, it came to light that a disabled passenger, Leon Klinghoffer, was killed by one of the kidnappers. The news of the attack was all the more disturbing that Klinghoffer belonged to the Jewish community. The case of abduction of Achille Lauro has been one of the most important topics in the field of international politics and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict for a long time.

The idea of creating an opera based on those events came from one of the most distinctive directors of our time, Peter Sellars (1957–), who invited composer John Adams (1947–) to cooperation. Libretto was created by Alice Goodman (1958–). Stage presentation of the fate of the passengers of Achille Lauro was to be a musical background for the wider topic: Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The main aim of the authors of The Death of Klinghoffer, what they repeatedly stressed in interviews, was to present both sides: Jewish and Muslim; not only the design of the libretto and musical development, but also the right direction. Despite these assumptions, since the premiere in 1991 at the Brussels Theatre Royale de La Monnaie, this opera is consequently dividing the audience into its hot enthusiasts and declared opponents. Demonstrations and protests, accusations of anti-Semitic content, presentation and justification of terrorism have led not only to a change in the score, but today they are almost inseparable elements of issue.

This article focuses on the opinions on the opera by critics and music journalists. After presenting the context of creation, examples of the reception, analytical and creative works are shown, such as the opinions found in the reviews of the printed sources, as well as the online ones.

Słowa kluczowe: J. Adams, P. Sellars, Israeli-Palestinian conflict, contemporary opera

Adams J., Hallelujah Junction: Composing an American Life, New York 2008.

Boteach S., New York Jews protested ‘Klinghoffer’ while it passed silently in London, „The Jerusalem Post” 27.10.2014, [online] http://www.jpost.com/Opinion/New-York-Jews-protested-Klinghoffer-whileit-passed-silently-in-London-379989 [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Catalano P., World press mixed on ‘Klinghoffer’: Opera: French love John Adams’ new work; English, Germans do not, [online] http://articles.latimes.com/1991-03-23/entertainment/ca-605_1_love-john-adams-new-work [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Christiansen R., ‘The Death of Klinghoffer’: terrorism on the high seas, „The Telegraph” 25.02.2012, [online] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/music/opera/9101783/The-Death-of-Klinghoffer-terrorismon-the-high-seas.html [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Clark A., Finland taking sides?, „Opera Magazine” 2001, vol. 52, nr 5, [online] http://opera.archive.netcopy.co.uk/article/may-2001/84/finland-taking-sides [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Cooper M., With new ‘Death of Klinghoffer’ furor only grows, „The New York Times” 15.10.2014, [online] http://www.nytimes.com/2014/10/15/arts/music/mets-death-of-klinghoffer-remains-a-lightning-rod-.html?_r=0 [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Ensor D., U.S. captures mastermind of Achille Lauro hijacking, [online] edition.cnn.com/2003/WORLD/meast/04/15/sprj.irq.abbas.arrested [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Fink R., Klinghoffer in Brooklyn Heights, „Cambridge Opera Journal” 2005, nr 2.

Gilson E., On ‘The Death of Klinghoffer’, „Opera Today” 19.10.2014, [online] http://www.operatoday.com/content/2014/10/on_the_death_of.php [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Goldman L., The raw honesty of ‘Klinghoffer’, „The Forward” 23.10.2014, [online] http://forward.com/opinion/207859/the-raw-honesty-of-klinghoffer [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Hautsalo L., Sodassa kaikki haviavat, „Keskisuomalainen” 5.02.2001.

Havemann J., Sellars’ ‘Klinghoffer’ opera premieres in Brussels, „Los Angeles Times” 21.03.1991, [online] http://articles.latimes.com/1991-03-21/entertainment/ca-731_1_leon-klinghoffer [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

[b.a.], Hijacking of the Achille Lauro: a chronology, „The Christian Science Monitor” 15.10.1985, [online] http://www.csmonitor.com/1985/1015/ochron.html [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Hoelterhoff M., Opera: Adams/Sellars ‘Klinghoffer’, „The Wall Street Journal” 29.03.1991.

Kerman J., Jak dotarliśmy do analizy i jak z niej wybrnąć, „Res Facta Nova” 1994, nr 1 (10).

Kosman J., Metropolitan Opera shows cowardice pulling ‘Klinghoffer’ telecast, [online] http://www.sfgate.com/music/article/Opinion-Met-was-wrong-to-scrap-Klinghoffer-5565756.php [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Langer A., Aside from that, Mrs. Klinghoffer, how did you like the opera?, „The Forward” 6.11.2014, [online] http://forward.com/culture/208527/aside-from-that-mrs-klinghoffer-how-did-you-like-t[dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Langer A., Canceling ‘Death of Klinghoffer’ opera broadcast elitist and naive, „The Forward” 18.06.2014, [online] http://forward.com/culture/200320/canceling-death-of-klinghoffer-opera-broadcast-eli[dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Langer A., The resurrection of ‘Klinghoffer’, „The Forward” 20.10.2014, [online] http://forward.com/culture/207530/the-resurrection-of-klinghoffer [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Lehtonen M., Kohuooppera ikavystyttaa musiikillaan, „Turun Sanomat” 5.02.2001.

Maattanen J., Suolaa avohaavoihin, „Kaleva” 5.02.2001.

Michaelson J., How ‘Klinghoffer’ stereotypes both sides, „The Forward” 27.10.2014, [online] http://forward.com/opinion/207997/how-klinghoffer-stereotypes-both-sides [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Miller S.B., ‘Death of Klinghoffer’ is powerful night at the opera, [online] http://www.stltoday.com/entertainment/arts-and-theatre/reviews/death-of-klinghoffer-is-powerful-night-at-the-opera/article_aed11cb4-985c-11e0-ba00-0019bb30f31a.html [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Neiss R.P., ‘Klinghoffer’ as gateway to dialogue, „The Jewish Week” 21.10.2014, [online] http://www.thejewishweek.com/news/new-york/klinghoffer-gateway-dialogue [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Nemes H., When ‘Klinghoffer’ played the heartland, „The Forward” 21.10.2014, [online] http://forward.com/culture/207645/when-klinghoffer-played-the-heartland [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

O’Mahony J., The Mighty Munchkin, „The Guardian” 20.05.2000, [online] http://www.theguardian.com/music/2000/may/20/classicalmusicandopera [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Ozorio A., John Adams – ‘Death of Klinghoffer’, London, „Opera Today” 27.02.2012, [online] http://www.operatoday.com/content/2012/02/john_adams_-_de.php [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Palas R., Lyhytjannitteista oopperaa nykypaivan tv-sukupolville, „Aamulethi” 5.02.2001.

Perez M., Peter Gelb lacks both balls and a moral compass, „New York Observer” 2.07.2014, [online] http://observer.com/2014/07/peter-gelb-lacks-both-balls-and-a-moral-compass [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

[b.a.], P.L.O. Aide in a charge against Mrs. Klinghoffer, „The New York Times” 5.12.1985, [online] http://www.nytimes.com/1985/12/05/world/around-the-world-plo-aide-in-a-charge-against-mrs-klinghoffer.html?partner=rssnyt&emc=rss [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Rhein J. von, St. Louis brilliantly reaffirms ‘Klinghoffer’ as a landmark American opera, „Chicago Tribune” 21.06.2011, [online] http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2011-06-21/entertainment/ct-ent-0622-classical-st.louis-20110621_1_american-opera-alice-goodman-lyric-opera[dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Rockwell J., From an episode of terrorism, Adams’s ‘Death of Klinghoffer’, [online] http://www.nytimes.com/1991/03/21/arts/review-operafrom-an-episode-of-terrorism-adams-s-death-of-klinghoffer.html [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Rolnick H., Opera in the age of the terrorist, [online] http://www.concertonet.com/scripts/review.php?ID_review=5279 [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Rothstein E., ‘Klinghoffer’ sinks into minimal sea, „The New York Times” 15.09.1991, [online] http://www.nytimes.com/1991/09/15/arts/classical-view-klinghoffer-sinks-into-minimal-sea.html [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Rothstein E., Seeking symmetry between Palestinians and Jews, „The New York Times” 7.09.1991, [online] http://www.nytimes.com/1991/09/07/arts/review-opera-seeking-symmetry-between-palestinians-andjews.html [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

[b.a.], Says terrorists held machine gun to her head: Mrs. Klinghoffer tells of terror aboard ship, „Los Angeles Times” 28.10.1985, [online]http://articles.latimes.com/1985-10-28/news/mn-11904_1_machine-gun [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Service T., ‘The Death of Klinghoffer’: if John Adams’s opera isn’t antisemitic, how can it fan antisemitism?, „The Guardian” 18.06.2014,[online] http://www.theguardian.com/music/tomserviceblog/2014/jun/18/the-death-of-klinghoffer-if-john-adams-opera-isnt-antisemitic-how-can-it-fan-anti-semitism [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Sinclair M., A singular moment in the history of opera performance in New Zealand, [online] http://www.theoperacritic.com/V4/TOCReviews/msnzoklingh0205.htm [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Swed M., Reaction mixed to ‘Klinghoffer’ in N.Y.: Opera: but critics find Brooklyn Academy production excellent and singing actors superb, „Los Angeles Times” 9.09.1991, [online] http://articles.latimes.com/1991-09-09/entertainment/ca-1357_1_brooklyn-academy[dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Swed M., Seeking answers in an opera, [online] http://articles.latimes.com/2001/oct/07/entertainment/ca-54304 [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

Taylor S., Classical and Jazz: Preview - ENO’s ‘The Death of Klinghoffer’ at The London Coliseum, „Camden New Journal” 1.03.2012, [online]http://www.camdennewjournal.com/reviews/music/2012/mar/classical-and-jazz-preview-eno%E2%80%99s-death-klinghofferlondon-coliseum [dostęp: 30.05.2015].

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