The Phenomenon of Digital Labour Platforms

Andrzej Marian Świątkowski

Abstrakt

In all EU Member States the status of people employed on job platforms is not fully legally regulated. It is necessary to consider the sources of the contemporary phenomenon of electronic employment, which is not amenable to legal regulation in the Union constituting an 'area of freedom, security and justice with respect for fundamental rights' (Art. 67 (1) of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union). The right to work in decent conditions, with adequate remuneration, belongs to this category of rights. In the discussion on employment platforms state authorities are more inclined to consider issues related to new technologies, processes and changes caused by the development and application of modern digital technologies (digitization) in almost all areas. The headquarters of trade unions mainly discuss the legal position of employees and the role of employment platforms in employment relations in the post-industrial era. Entrepreneurs and their organizations, including private institutions and employment platforms, are interested in equal treatment by national legislators in local labor markets. They are afraid of the breach of the balance favorable to their own economic interests, caused by the public interest in the possibility of using employment in atypical forms of employment. Services consisting in employment provided under employment platforms are incomparably cheaper than identical work performed by employees employed under employment contracts. 

Słowa kluczowe: digital technologies, electronic employment platform, legal position of employees, the role of employment platforms in employment relations / cyfrowe technologie zatrudnienia, elektroniczne platformy zatrudnienia, pozycja prawna zatrudnionych, rola platform zatrudnienia w stosunkach pracy
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Court sentence

Judgment of the Constitutional Tribunal of 2 June 2015, K 1/13, Dz.U. 2015, item 791.

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Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie.

Czasopismo zostało dofinansowane ze środków Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego na podstawie umowy nr 284/WCN/2019/1 z dnia 16 lipca 2019 r. z pomocy przyznanej w ramach programu „Wsparcie dla czasopism naukowych".