Social Protection and New Forms of Work: Expansion of Unemployment Insurance Benefits’ Coverage in Estonia

Gaabriel Tavits

Abstrakt

Ensuring social protection for people having lost their jobs is an important part of the social protection system. Although health insurance and pension insurance have traditionally been the most important social protection systems, then social guarantees (both passive and active measures) for the unemployed cannot be underestimated in the changed forms of employment. New forms of work necessitate attention to whether and how people working under new forms of employment, e.g. platform workers, can register as unemployed and whether short-term employment may worsen their standing compared to other unemployed. This article analyses the Estonian social protection system for the unemployed and the planned changes in connection with platform work.

ASJC: 3308, JEL: K31

Słowa kluczowe: bezrobotny, świadczenia z ubezpieczenia dla bezrobotnych, platform zatrudnienia, usługi i świadczenia rynku pracy, unemployed, unemployment insurance benefits, platform workers, labour market services and benefits
References

Constitution Comments (2017) Constitution of Republic of Estonia, Comments (Pohiseadus. Kommenteeritud valjaanne), Juura.

Entrepreneur Account (2020) https://www.emta.ee/eng/private-client/declaration-income/entrepreneur-account-natural-person (access: 29 June 2020).

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Legal acts

European Committee of Social Rights, Conclusions 2004, https://hudoc.esc.coe.int/eng#{%22fulltext%22:[%22Estonia%2012%22],%22ESCDcType%22:[%22CON%22],%22ESCDcIdentifier%22:[%222004/def/EST/12/1/EN%22]} (access: 29 June 2020).

European Social Charter (Revised) (Parandatud ja taiendatud Euroopa sotsiaalharta—RT II 2000, 15, 93, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/78197 (access: 29 June 2020).

European Social Security Code (Euroopa sotsiaalkindlustuskoodeks)—RT II 2004, 6, 17, https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/729138 (access: 29 June 2020).

Registration as unemployed and payment of unemployment benefit. Temporary rules (“Toootsija tootuks tunnistamise ning tootu abiraha maaramise ja maksmise ajutise juhendi” kinnitamise kohta)—RT 1991, 9, 141, in Estonian: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/29116 (access: 29 June 2020).

The Constitution of the Republic of Estonia (Eesti Vabariigi pohiseadus)—RT 1992, 26, 349, English translation: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/521052015001/consolide (access: 1 March 2021).

(Tooturuteenuste ja – toetuste seadus)—RT I 2005, 54, 430, English translation: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/523052020001/consolide (access: 1 March 2021).

Unemployment Insurance Act (Tootuskindlustuse seadus)—RT I 2001, 59, 359, English translation: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/en/eli/530042020008/consolide (access: 1 March 2021).

Unemployed Social Protection Act (Tootu sotsiaalse kaitse seadus)—RT I 2000, 57, 371, In Estonian: https://www.riigiteataja.ee/akt/72158 (access: 29 June 2020).

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie.

Czasopismo zostało dofinansowane ze środków Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego na podstawie umowy nr 284/WCN/2019/1 z dnia 16 lipca 2019 r. z pomocy przyznanej w ramach programu „Wsparcie dla czasopism naukowych".