Kontratyp zakazu dyskryminacji

Andrzej Marian Świątkowski

Abstrakt

Counter-type for the prohibition of discrimination

According to the law (Article 183b of the Labour Code), the restriction of access to employment by churches and religious associations is not a violation of the principle of equal treatment. The exemption from the general obligation of such employers to treat all employees equally and at the same time granting permission to legally differentiate the situation of certain categories of people justifies a legal analysis of the situation in which religion and beliefs may be recognized in Europe by EU and state legislative institutions as compatible criteria for employers to make decisions on matters relating to the establishment and termination of employment relationships. Excluding the unlawfulness of the employer’s conduct in employment relations, the legislator used the legal construction of excluding unlawfulness, used in the provisions of criminal law (a counter-type). The author discusses situations in which some employers, when committing acts that formally cover the features of one of the statutory types of legally prohibited activity in employment relationships, de jure act in accordance with the law.

ASCJ: 3308, JEL: K31

Słowa kluczowe: dyskryminacja, kontratyp, religia, równe traktowanie, stosunki pracy, discrimination, countership, religion, equal treatment, labour relations

Pierwotną wersją czasopisma jest wersja elektroniczna publikowana w internecie.

Czasopismo zostało dofinansowane ze środków Ministerstwa Nauki i Szkolnictwa Wyższego na podstawie umowy nr 284/WCN/2019/1 z dnia 16 lipca 2019 r. z pomocy przyznanej w ramach programu „Wsparcie dla czasopism naukowych".